The Precariado: The Uberization of Work and the Role of the State


Hatched by Thati

Jan 22, 2024

4 min read


The Precariado: The Uberization of Work and the Role of the State


In recent years, the rise of the precariado, a new emerging social class, has brought attention to the changing landscape of work and the role of the state in shaping labor relations. This article aims to explore the concept of the precariado and its connection to the gig economy, as well as the challenges it poses to workers' rights and the need for government intervention. Additionally, we will discuss the impact of technological advancements on the rise of the precariado and the potential solutions that can alleviate the precarity of work.

The Rise of the Precariado:

The precariado, as defined by economist Guy Standing, refers to a class marked by a combination of precarious work conditions, reduced labor rights, and a high turnover of jobs. Unlike the traditional proletariat, which is defined by distinct relations to production, distribution, and the state, the precariado is characterized by its diverse sociocultural backgrounds and economic statuses. This emerging class encompasses individuals forced to accept unstable employment, lack occupational identity, and engage in tasks that may not even be considered as work.

Groups within the Precariado:

The precariado is internally divided into three main groups: the "Atávicos," the "Nostálgicos," and the "Progressistas." The Atávicos consist of those who feel excluded from the traditional working class and long for a past era of secure labor rights. The Nostálgicos comprise immigrants and minority groups who feel disconnected from mainstream society. Finally, the Progressistas represent the more educated fraction of the precariado, seeking a future that aligns with their aspirations. This group holds the potential to shape progressive policies in the coming years.

The Impact of the Gig Economy:

The gig economy, characterized by platforms such as Uber and delivery apps, has played a significant role in the proliferation of precarious work. Workers in the gig economy lack benefits like paid vacations and retirement plans, and their earnings are often low, volatile, or unpredictable. Additionally, these workers face a loss of various civil, cultural, social, economic, and political rights, with little to no representation in traditional political systems.

The Role of the State:

The state, as the principal actor in shaping labor relations, plays a crucial role in addressing the challenges faced by the precariado. However, it is argued that the state, including government and other institutions, is often complicit in perpetuating precarious work conditions. The demand for flexible workers, imposed by both employers and the state, often leads to a continuous cycle of social and economic insecurity for millions of individuals.

Technological Advancements and the Precariado:

Technological advancements have contributed to the rise of the precariado by enabling corporations to fragment employment structures and increase workforce turnover. The gig economy, fueled by these technological advancements, has further exacerbated the precariousness of work by subjecting workers to the whims of algorithms that dictate their working conditions and earnings.

Potential Solutions: Rethinking the Role of the State:

To address the challenges faced by the precariado, it is crucial to reconsider the role of the state. One potential solution is the implementation of a universal basic income (UBI) that guarantees a basic level of income for all individuals throughout their lives. A UBI would provide those who are tired or in need of a break with the opportunity to flexibly navigate their work lives while maintaining a basic level of security.

Three Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Advocate for labor rights: Join or support organizations that fight for the rights of gig economy workers and the precariado. Collective action can lead to better working conditions and increased protections.
  • 2. Support progressive policies: Vote for political candidates and parties that prioritize the rights and well-being of workers. Demand policies that address the precarity of work and promote social and economic stability.
  • 3. Embrace technological advancements responsibly: While technological advancements have their benefits, it is crucial to ensure that they do not lead to the exploitation of workers. Encourage ethical practices and demand fair treatment for gig economy workers.


The rise of the precariado in the gig economy highlights the urgent need for governments and institutions to address the challenges faced by workers in precarious employment. By reevaluating the role of the state, implementing progressive policies, and embracing technological advancements responsibly, society can strive towards a future that prioritizes the rights and well-being of all workers. Only through collective efforts and systemic changes can we create a more equitable and secure work environment for the precariado and beyond.

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