"Examining Inequality: Are All Inequalities Unjust?"

Lucas Charbonnier

Hatched by Lucas Charbonnier

Oct 09, 2023

4 min read


"Examining Inequality: Are All Inequalities Unjust?"


Inequality is a complex and controversial issue that has captivated the attention of philosophers, economists, and policymakers alike. The question of whether all inequalities are inherently unjust is a matter of great debate. While some argue that natural inequalities are not injustices, others believe that it is essential to combat all forms of inequality. Additionally, the concept of equitable inequality adds another layer of complexity to the discussion. In this article, we will explore these viewpoints and delve into the surprising growth of the French economy in the second quarter of 2023.

I. Natural Inequalities and the Question of Injustice:

The philosopher Gorgias Calliclès posited that injustice is something that goes against the natural order. From his perspective, by preventing the stronger individuals from exerting their power, laws defend the interests of the weaker ones and hinder the dominance of the strong over the weak. According to this viewpoint, natural inequalities are not considered injustices.

II. The Need to Address Inequalities:

1. The Insufficiency of the "Might Makes Right" Principle:

One of the main arguments against the acceptance of all inequalities is the critique of the "might makes right" principle. It raises the question of whether it is genuinely nature expressing itself or the structures of our political and social community. In many cases, inequalities are not solely determined by the natural order but are influenced by societal factors, making it necessary to critically evaluate them.

2. Working towards Reducing Inequalities:

The renowned philosopher Karl Marx argued that social inequalities do not stem from differences in merit but rather from social disparities. By focusing on the social, economic, and political structures that perpetuate inequality, society can work towards reducing these disparities and creating a fairer system.

III. The Concept of Equitable Inequality:

Prominent philosopher John Rawls introduced the idea of equitable inequality, suggesting that economic and social disparities can be considered just if they benefit the most disadvantaged individuals. According to Rawls, a just society should prioritize the well-being of those who are most in need, even if it means accepting some level of inequality.

Connecting the Dots:

When examining the question of whether all inequalities are unjust, it is crucial to consider the various perspectives. While natural inequalities may not necessarily be injustices, societal inequalities often require intervention to ensure fairness. The concept of equitable inequality provides a framework for addressing disparities while taking into account the needs of the most vulnerable.

IV. The Surprising Growth of the French Economy:

Shifting our focus to the economic realm, we turn our attention to the surprising growth of the French economy in the second quarter of 2023. The French GDP experienced a significant jump of 0.5%. Notably, this growth was primarily driven by exports rather than domestic consumption. The French government has set a target of 1% annual growth for 2023, which, although ambitious, falls short of the impressive 2.5% growth achieved in 2022.


In conclusion, the question of whether all inequalities are unjust is multifaceted and subjective. While natural inequalities may be seen as part of the natural order, societal inequalities often require intervention to ensure fairness. The concept of equitable inequality offers an alternative perspective by emphasizing the importance of benefiting the most disadvantaged individuals. To address inequalities effectively, society must critically evaluate the factors that contribute to disparities and work towards creating a more equitable system. In doing so, we can strive towards a fairer and more just society.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Foster awareness and understanding: Encourage open discussions and education about the different types of inequalities and their impact on society. By promoting awareness, individuals can better comprehend the complexities of the issue and work towards meaningful change.
  • 2. Advocate for policy changes: Support policies that aim to reduce social disparities and create a more equitable society. This may include initiatives such as progressive taxation, accessible education, and social welfare programs that prioritize the needs of the most vulnerable.
  • 3. Promote inclusivity and diversity: Create inclusive environments that value diversity in all its forms. By embracing different perspectives and experiences, we can challenge existing power structures and promote a more equitable society.

By incorporating these actionable advice into our individual and collective efforts, we can contribute to a fairer and more just society, fostering equality and social progress for all.

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