Exploring the Connection Between Inequality and the Laws of Nature

Lucas Charbonnier

Hatched by Lucas Charbonnier

Jan 13, 2024

4 min read


Exploring the Connection Between Inequality and the Laws of Nature


In a world plagued by various forms of inequality, the question arises: are all inequalities inherently unjust? Some argue that natural inequalities are not unjust, as they align with the order of nature. On the other hand, there is a case to be made for the necessity of addressing inequalities. This article aims to delve into the relationship between inequality and the laws of nature, exploring different perspectives and shedding light on the complexity of the topic.

The Nature of Inequality and Injustice:

Gorgias and Calliclès argue that inequalities rooted in nature are not injustices. They contend that the law, by preventing the expression of strength by the powerful, protects the weaker individuals. From their viewpoint, it is the natural order of things that the strong dominate the weak. However, it is crucial to question whether it is indeed nature that is at play, or if societal and political structures influence these dynamics.

The Need to Address Inequalities:

Marx's perspective challenges the notion that social inequalities stem from differences in merit. He asserts that these inequalities are merely a result of social circumstances and stresses the importance of working towards reducing them. By recognizing that inequalities are not inherently just, efforts can be made to create a more equitable society.

Equity as a Just Inequality:

John Rawls presents the idea that economic and social inequalities can be just if they benefit the most disadvantaged individuals. This concept of "justice as fairness" emphasizes the importance of considering the impact of inequalities on those who are already marginalized. It suggests that promoting equity can be a way to address injustices within a society.

Understanding the Laws of Nature:

Moving to the topic of the laws of nature, it is essential to consider whether nature operates solely based on predictable and calculable laws. While nature does exhibit order and predictability, there is more to it than meets the eye.

The Romantic Notion of Nature:

In the Romantic movement, nature was often associated with the sublime. Artists like Caspar David Friedrich portrayed the awe-inspiring grandeur of nature, highlighting its transcendental qualities. This perspective goes beyond perceiving nature as a collection of laws and acknowledges its spiritual and emotional dimensions.

Nature as a Subject of Scientific Study:

In the 17th century, the scientific approach to understanding nature shifted from seeking explanations for natural phenomena to focusing on how they occur. This change in perspective saw nature becoming an object of scientific inquiry, with the aim of uncovering the mechanisms that govern its behavior.

The Modern Conception of Nature:

René Descartes and others proposed a modern conception of nature devoid of intentions or purpose. Nature was likened to a mathematical language, reducible to measurable laws. However, this reductionist approach risks oversimplifying nature and neglecting its inherent power and vitality.

The Limits of the Modern Conception of Nature:

By reducing nature to a set of measurable laws, its dynamic and creative aspects often get overlooked. The emphasis on rationality and control has led to humans viewing nature as a means to an end, rather than an end in itself. This utilitarian perspective has resulted in the degradation of nature and its resources.

The Incompleteness of Scientific Knowledge:

Despite significant advancements in scientific understanding, many phenomena still remain mysterious and defy complete explanation. The complexity of nature surpasses the grasp of scientific methods, highlighting the limitations of a purely scientific approach.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Recognize the societal and political influences on inequalities: By acknowledging that natural inequalities may be influenced by external factors, we can better understand the root causes and work towards creating a more just society.
  • 2. Strive for equity: Instead of focusing solely on equalizing outcomes, prioritize addressing the disadvantages faced by marginalized individuals. Promote policies and initiatives that uplift the most vulnerable members of society.
  • 3. Embrace a holistic view of nature: Move beyond a purely scientific understanding of nature and recognize its beauty, complexity, and interconnectedness. Foster a sense of awe and respect for the natural world, and seek to protect and preserve it for future generations.


The relationship between inequality and the laws of nature is multifaceted and complex. While some argue that natural inequalities are not injustices, others emphasize the need to address and reduce societal inequalities. Understanding the limitations of a purely scientific approach to nature is vital, as it allows for a more holistic and respectful perspective. By recognizing the societal influences on inequalities and striving for equity, we can work towards a more just and harmonious world.

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