The Paradox of Freedom and the Influence of Technology

Lucas Charbonnier

Hatched by Lucas Charbonnier

Dec 10, 2023

3 min read


The Paradox of Freedom and the Influence of Technology


The concepts of freedom and technology have long been subjects of philosophical debate. While freedom is seen as an inherent right, technology has often been regarded as a neutral tool. However, upon closer examination, it becomes clear that both freedom and technology have profound effects on our lives and shape our choices and actions. In this article, we will explore the paradox of freedom and the influence of technology, drawing connections between these seemingly unrelated topics.

The Paradox of Freedom:

The question of whether we can choose not to be free raises an intriguing paradox. Jean-Paul Sartre famously declared, "L'homme est condamné à être libre" (Man is condemned to be free). According to Sartre, freedom is an inherent part of our nature, and we cannot escape it. Even choosing not to be free is still a choice and an exercise of our freedom. This notion challenges the traditional understanding of freedom as a chosen state, suggesting that it is an inescapable aspect of our existence.

Similarly, Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued that freedom is an inalienable right, and we cannot renounce it. He rejected the idea of voluntary submission and criticized the concept of a "false social contract" that perpetuates inequality. For Rousseau, freedom is not an abstract concept but is always contextual, influenced by external circumstances beyond our control. Living in times of war or peace, for example, leads to different choices and actions. Sartre even proposed that the more constrained the situation, the more freedom we have. This challenges the notion that freedom is limited by external factors and highlights the radical nature of human freedom.

The Influence of Technology:

While technology is often considered neutral, its impact on our lives cannot be ignored. Gorgias, as portrayed by Plato, argued for a purely instrumental view of technology, claiming that objects are morally neutral and responsible use lies with humans. However, the increasing prevalence of technology raises questions about its influence on our lifestyles, thoughts, and interactions.

Technology's instrumental nature means that it serves as a means to an end. Yet, the pursuit of efficiency and productivity has become a dominant norm in our society. This quantitative approach to success and happiness, driven by technology, shapes our lives both professionally and personally. The constant pressure to be more productive, to go further and faster, can lead to a purely utilitarian view of life, where the value of human experiences is reduced to measurable outcomes.

Moreover, the development of technology has led to the rise of technocracy, where political power is increasingly influenced by technological systems and processes. Herbert Marcuse argued that technological advancement leads to bureaucracy, administration, and planning, which weaken democratic institutions. Individuals find themselves at the mercy of technological demands, with the ruling elite seemingly subjected to these demands rather than determining them. This shift towards technocracy challenges the principles of democratic governance.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Embrace the Paradox of Freedom: Recognize that freedom is an inherent part of our existence. Embrace the responsibility that comes with freedom and make conscious choices that align with your values and aspirations.
  • 2. Critically Assess Technological Influence: Be mindful of the influence technology has on your life. Reflect on how it shapes your behaviors, values, and relationships. Strive for a balanced approach that prioritizes human connection and meaningful experiences over technological efficiency.
  • 3. Advocate for Ethical Technological Development: Engage in discussions and initiatives that promote responsible technology development. Encourage transparency, accountability, and consideration of the broader societal impact of technological advancements.


The paradox of freedom and the influence of technology are interconnected aspects of our modern existence. While freedom is an inherent part of our nature, it is influenced by external circumstances and choices. Technology, once perceived as neutral, now plays a significant role in shaping our lives, thoughts, and interactions. Acknowledging this interplay and taking proactive steps to embrace freedom responsibly and critically assess technological influence can lead to a more balanced and meaningful existence.

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