The Art of Critical Thinking: Navigating Logical Fallacies and Filtering Information

Esteban Tala

Hatched by Esteban Tala

Apr 16, 2024

4 min read


The Art of Critical Thinking: Navigating Logical Fallacies and Filtering Information


In the realm of communication and learning, it is crucial to develop strong critical thinking skills. This involves recognizing and avoiding logical fallacies and effectively filtering information. In this article, we will explore two common logical fallacies - non sequitur and personal incredulity - and discuss the importance of having a strong filter when consuming information. Additionally, we will delve into the art of reading and how it relates to the broader concept of filtering inputs in various aspects of life.

Understanding Non Sequitur:

A non sequitur is a logical fallacy characterized by an abrupt shift in topic or a statement that lacks a clear, logical connection to the previous argument or premise. Whether intentional or unintentional, non sequiturs hinder rational reasoning and disrupt meaningful discussions. Imagine a scenario where someone is discussing the benefits of a healthy lifestyle, and another person responds by talking about the weather. This unrelated statement creates confusion and fails to contribute constructively to the conversation. Recognizing non sequiturs helps us maintain logical coherence and engage in more meaningful exchanges.

Personal Incredulity and its Pitfalls:

Personal incredulity is another logical fallacy that arises when someone dismisses an idea as false simply because they find it difficult to believe or comprehend. This fallacy stems from an individual's inability to imagine or accept something, without providing substantial evidence or logical reasoning. For instance, someone claiming that aliens cannot exist based solely on their personal disbelief demonstrates personal incredulity. It is essential to avoid this fallacy as it hampers rational evaluation and inhibits open-mindedness. Engaging in discussions with an open mind and considering evidence and reasoning are fundamental for constructive dialogues.

Filtering Information: The Art of Reading:

Now, let's shift our focus to the art of reading and its connection to filtering information. Mark Twain once said, "The man who doesn't read good books has no advantage over the man who can't read them." Reading is a powerful tool for expanding our knowledge and perspectives, but it requires an effective filter to derive maximum value. Without flooding our brains with diverse inputs, we remain confined to the limited world of our personal experiences. On the other hand, without a strong filter, we become overwhelmed with choices and paralyzed by inaction.

Developing a Reading Filter:

Crafting a reading filter is more of an art than a science. It requires experimentation and finding an approach that works best for each individual. The key lies in inundating ourselves with information while quickly discerning what is valuable and what is not. Similar to dating, where we make judgments based on first impressions, a book that fails to capture our interest within the first few pages is unlikely to offer a satisfying reading experience. It is perfectly acceptable to quit a book after a few pages if it doesn't resonate with us, just as it is acceptable to decline a date with someone who annoys us.

Applying the Reading Filter to Other Aspects of Life:

The concept of filtering inputs extends beyond reading books. It applies to all forms of data, research, conversations, and learning. By embracing a mindset that values diverse inputs while maintaining a discerning filter, we can navigate the vast sea of information more effectively. This approach ensures that we do not limit ourselves to personal biases and experiences, while still avoiding the overwhelming burden of excessive choices.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Embrace diverse inputs: Seek out a wide range of perspectives, opinions, and information sources to enrich your understanding of the world.
  • 2. Develop a discerning filter: Cultivate the ability to quickly evaluate the value and relevance of information. Be ruthless in discarding irrelevant or unreliable sources.
  • 3. Embrace open-mindedness: Challenge your own beliefs and biases, and be willing to consider evidence and reasoning that may contradict your preconceived notions. This fosters growth and intellectual development.


Developing critical thinking skills is essential in today's information-driven world. By recognizing and avoiding logical fallacies such as non sequitur and personal incredulity, we can engage in more rational and constructive discussions. Additionally, by adopting a strong filter, we can navigate the vast amounts of information available to us, ensuring that we benefit from diverse inputs while avoiding overwhelm. Embrace the art of critical thinking, and you will be equipped to make informed decisions and contribute meaningfully to conversations and learning experiences.

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