"The Importance of Inclusive Circular Economy Efforts: Progress, Paradoxes, and Actionable Advice"

Alfred Tang

Hatched by Alfred Tang

Feb 26, 2024

3 min read


"The Importance of Inclusive Circular Economy Efforts: Progress, Paradoxes, and Actionable Advice"


In the pursuit of a sustainable future, the concept of circularity has gained significant traction. Circular economy principles aim to minimize waste and promote the efficient use of resources. However, it is crucial to ensure that circularity does not become an exclusive club. In this article, we will explore the significance of including all stakeholders in circular economy efforts, the paradoxes that arise, and provide actionable advice for moving forward.

Inclusive Progress: Incremental Improvements and Greenwashing:

While it may not be necessary for corporations to boast about every small improvement they make, it is essential to acknowledge that even incremental progress contributes to the larger goal of sustainability. For instance, a company improving the recyclability of its plastic bottle by transitioning from green-tinted to clear PET is a step in the right direction. Although seemingly small, such improvements collectively lead to significant positive impacts on the environment.

It is important to distinguish between genuine progress and greenwashing. Greenwashing occurs when companies falsely claim to have made substantial strides towards sustainability. However, incremental improvements, even if small, should not be dismissed as greenwashing. By appreciating these efforts, we can encourage companies to continue their journey towards a circular economy.

Paradoxes and the Role of Corporations:

Paradoxically, some corporations find themselves simultaneously contributing to environmental problems and being key players in implementing sustainable solutions at scale. It is crucial to include these companies in critical conversations about circular economy transitions. By engaging with these stakeholders, we can leverage their resources, influence, and expertise to drive meaningful change.

By recognizing the potential for transformation within these corporations, we can encourage them to align their practices with circular economy principles. This will require collaboration between businesses, policymakers, and civil society organizations to develop frameworks that incentivize sustainable practices and foster innovation.

Connecting Common Points: Circular Economy and CO2 Emissions:

A significant aspect of circular economy efforts is reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. By examining the "CO2換算係數" (CO2 conversion coefficient), we can establish a common point connecting circularity and emissions. For instance, the basic weight of C2 paper is 70g/m2, translating to approximately 0.0067 kg-CO2 per sheet (A4 size).

This connection highlights the importance of incorporating circularity in the paper industry to mitigate emissions. Through measures such as recycling, using recycled materials, and adopting sustainable production practices, the paper industry can significantly reduce its carbon footprint. This serves as an example of how circularity can contribute to broader sustainability goals.

Actionable Advice for Advancing Circular Economy Efforts:

  • 1. Foster Collaboration and Knowledge Sharing: To accelerate the transition towards a circular economy, collaboration is key. Businesses, policymakers, and civil society organizations must come together to share knowledge, best practices, and resources. By fostering collaboration, we can collectively address challenges and develop innovative solutions.
  • 2. Develop Incentives and Policies: Governments and regulatory bodies play a crucial role in facilitating circular economy transitions. To encourage businesses to adopt circular practices, policymakers should develop incentives, such as tax breaks or subsidies, for sustainable initiatives. Additionally, implementing policies that prioritize the use of recycled materials and support the development of circular supply chains can further drive progress.
  • 3. Educate and Empower Consumers: Circular economy efforts can only succeed with the active participation of consumers. Educating the public about the importance of sustainable consumption and providing accessible information on recycling and responsible waste management is vital. Empowering consumers to make informed choices and rewarding sustainable behavior can create a demand for circular products and services.


The pursuit of a circular economy requires inclusive efforts that involve all stakeholders, including corporations. While incremental progress should be acknowledged and celebrated, greenwashing must be avoided. By connecting common points, such as the relationship between circularity and CO2 emissions, we can emphasize the broad impact of circular economy practices. Through collaboration, incentives, and consumer empowerment, we can advance circular economy efforts and catalyze the transition towards a sustainable future.

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