The Intersection of Climate Reporting and Sustainability Disclosures in Financial Reporting

Alfred Tang

Hatched by Alfred Tang

Feb 06, 2024

3 min read


The Intersection of Climate Reporting and Sustainability Disclosures in Financial Reporting


As the urgency to address climate change grows, there is increasing pressure on organizations to disclose their sustainability-related financial information. This article explores the convergence of climate reporting requirements and sustainability disclosures in financial reporting. We will examine the timelines for implementation, measurement methodologies, and the core responsibilities for entities. Additionally, we will provide actionable advice on how organizations can navigate these new requirements effectively.

Implementation Timelines:

The implementation timelines for the disclosure of sustainability-related financial information vary depending on the entity's group classification. For entities in Group 1, the reporting requirement begins in annual periods starting on or after 1 July 2024. Group 2 entities have a later start date of annual periods beginning on or after 1 July 2026, while Group 3 entities must comply from annual periods starting on or after 1 July 2027. This phased approach allows organizations time to adapt and align their reporting practices with the new standards.

Measurement Methodologies:

One important aspect of climate reporting is the measurement of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The Australian-specific approach requires entities to convert all greenhouse gases into a CO2 equivalent value. To calculate these emissions, organizations must follow the methodologies outlined in the NGER Scheme legislation, utilizing Australian-specific data sources and factors. It is essential to note that reporting is limited to GHG emissions, as opposed to a broader sustainability scope.

Core Responsibilities:

The responsibility for sustainability-related financial disclosures falls on various bodies and individuals within an organization. These entities must consider sustainability-related risks and opportunities, oversee the setting of targets, and manage and mitigate risks effectively. They should also assess the impact of sustainability factors on the entity's business model, value chain, strategy, decision-making processes, and financial performance. This holistic approach ensures that sustainability considerations are integrated into all aspects of an organization's operations.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Develop a comprehensive understanding: Organizations must invest time and resources in understanding the implications of the new reporting requirements thoroughly. This includes familiarizing themselves with the specific timelines, measurement methodologies, and core responsibilities. Seeking professional guidance or training can be beneficial in navigating these complexities effectively.
  • 2. Strengthen data collection and analysis: Accurate and reliable data is the foundation of meaningful sustainability reporting. Organizations should establish robust systems for collecting, verifying, and analyzing relevant data. Partnering with specialized service providers or leveraging technology solutions can streamline this process and ensure data integrity.
  • 3. Enhance stakeholder engagement: Sustainability reporting goes beyond compliance; it is an opportunity to engage stakeholders and build trust. Organizations should proactively communicate their sustainability efforts and progress to shareholders, customers, employees, and the wider community. Engaging in transparent and open dialogue fosters accountability and strengthens the organization's reputation.


The convergence of climate reporting and sustainability disclosures in financial reporting represents a significant shift in how organizations approach environmental responsibility. By understanding the implementation timelines, measurement methodologies, and core responsibilities, entities can navigate these new requirements successfully. Taking actionable steps such as developing a comprehensive understanding, strengthening data collection and analysis, and enhancing stakeholder engagement will enable organizations to embrace sustainability reporting as a driver of long-term value creation. With these strategies in place, organizations can contribute to a more sustainable future while also meeting their financial reporting obligations.

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