A Comprehensive Comparison of IFRS S2 Climate-related Disclosures and TCFD Recommendations

Alfred Tang

Hatched by Alfred Tang

Feb 16, 2024

3 min read


A Comprehensive Comparison of IFRS S2 Climate-related Disclosures and TCFD Recommendations


The global focus on climate change and sustainability has prompted the need for standardized reporting frameworks to assess and disclose climate-related risks and opportunities. Two prominent frameworks in this regard are the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) S2 Climate-related Disclosures and the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) Recommendations. In this article, we will explore the similarities and differences between these frameworks and understand their core content responsibilities, skills, and competencies.

Core Content Responsibilities:

Both IFRS S2 Climate-related Disclosures and TCFD Recommendations emphasize the importance of disclosing sustainability-related financial information. The IFRS S2 framework, as outlined in the "ISSB-2023-A" document, provides general requirements for such disclosures. It focuses on ensuring that bodies or individuals responsible for reporting possess the necessary skills and competencies. They should be well-informed about sustainability-related risks and opportunities, oversee target-setting, and manage these risks and opportunities effectively.

Similarly, the TCFD Recommendations, as considered in the "ifrs-s2-comparison-tcfd-july2023.pdf" document, emphasize the need for companies to disclose the effects of climate-related risks and opportunities on their business models, value chains, strategies, and financial performance. It recognizes the importance of understanding and managing these impacts to enhance resilience and inform decision-making processes.

Connecting Common Points:

Both frameworks share a common objective of enhancing transparency and providing stakeholders with reliable information to assess climate-related risks and opportunities. They acknowledge the need for organizations to integrate sustainability considerations into their overall strategy and decision-making processes.

Furthermore, both frameworks recognize the significance of skills and competencies in effectively disclosing sustainability-related financial information. They highlight the importance of continuous learning and staying informed about evolving sustainability risks and opportunities.

Unique Ideas and Insights:

While both frameworks have similar goals, they differ in their approach to disclosure requirements. The IFRS S2 framework primarily focuses on financial reporting standards and aims to align sustainability disclosures with existing financial reporting processes. On the other hand, the TCFD Recommendations adopt a broader perspective, encouraging companies to disclose both financial and non-financial information related to climate risks and opportunities.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Enhance Skills and Competencies: To effectively implement the IFRS S2 Climate-related Disclosures or the TCFD Recommendations, organizations should invest in developing the skills and competencies of their reporting teams. This includes staying updated on the latest sustainability trends, regulatory developments, and reporting methodologies.
  • 2. Integrate Sustainability into Decision-Making: Organizations should recognize the interconnectedness of sustainability and financial performance. By integrating sustainability considerations into their strategy and decision-making processes, companies can better identify and manage climate-related risks and opportunities.
  • 3. Foster Collaboration and Engagement: To ensure comprehensive and accurate reporting, organizations should foster collaboration between finance, sustainability, and risk management teams. Engaging stakeholders, including investors, regulators, and civil society, can also provide valuable insights and enhance the credibility of sustainability disclosures.


The IFRS S2 Climate-related Disclosures and the TCFD Recommendations play a crucial role in promoting standardized reporting of climate-related risks and opportunities. While they share common points, such as the focus on skills and competencies, they differ in their approach to disclosure requirements. By following the actionable advice of enhancing skills, integrating sustainability into decision-making, and fostering collaboration, organizations can effectively implement these frameworks and contribute to a more sustainable future.

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