The Importance of Climate-related Disclosures and the Fight Against Greenwashing

Alfred Tang

Hatched by Alfred Tang

Aug 19, 2023

3 min read


The Importance of Climate-related Disclosures and the Fight Against Greenwashing


In recent years, climate change and environmental sustainability have become hot topics across various industries. As a result, there has been an increased focus on climate-related disclosures and the need for transparency in reporting greenhouse gas emissions. However, alongside this push for disclosure, there has also been a rise in cases of greenwashing - misleading marketing or claims about the environmental benefits of a product or service. This article aims to explore the significance of climate-related disclosures and shed light on the ongoing battle against greenwashing.

Climate-related Disclosures and Greenhouse Gas Emissions:

One of the key components of climate-related disclosures is the disclosure of absolute gross greenhouse gas emissions. This information allows stakeholders to understand the environmental impact of an organization's activities. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol categories are commonly used to disclose industry-based metrics and provide a standardized approach to measuring emissions. By using CO2 equivalents, organizations can compare emissions across different greenhouse gases.

Importance of Scope 2 Emissions:

Within the realm of climate-related disclosures, there is a specific focus on Scope 2 emissions. Scope 2 emissions refer to indirect emissions resulting from the consumption of purchased electricity, heat, or steam. These emissions can significantly impact an organization's carbon footprint, making them a crucial aspect of climate reporting. According to IFRS Standards, in the event of a significant change in circumstances, entities are required to reassess the scope of all affected climate-related risks and opportunities throughout their value chain.

Greenwashing and the Role of Regulators:

While climate-related disclosures are vital for promoting transparency, they are also susceptible to manipulation and misrepresentation. This is where greenwashing comes into play. Recently, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) filed a case against Vanguard Investments Australia, alleging greenwashing practices. The case highlights the need for regulators to crack down on false or misleading claims regarding environmental sustainability.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Companies should prioritize accurate and transparent climate-related disclosures. By providing clear and reliable information, organizations can build trust with stakeholders and avoid accusations of greenwashing.
  • 2. Regulators need to establish stringent guidelines and enforcement mechanisms to combat greenwashing effectively. This includes conducting thorough investigations into companies' claims and holding them accountable for any misleading information.
  • 3. Investors and consumers play a crucial role in fighting against greenwashing. By educating themselves on climate-related disclosures and understanding the importance of transparency, they can make informed decisions and support companies that genuinely prioritize sustainability.


Climate-related disclosures are a crucial tool in the fight against climate change. They provide transparency, enable comparison, and help organizations identify areas for improvement. However, the rising cases of greenwashing demonstrate the need for increased vigilance and regulatory oversight. By prioritizing accurate disclosures, establishing strict guidelines, and empowering stakeholders, we can work together to create a more sustainable future.

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