The Impact of Economic Factors on Nigeria's Refineries and Exchange Rates

Feranmi Olaseinde

Hatched by Feranmi Olaseinde

Aug 15, 2023

3 min read


The Impact of Economic Factors on Nigeria's Refineries and Exchange Rates


Nigeria's economic landscape has been heavily influenced by various factors, including the operations of its refineries and the fluctuating exchange rates. In recent news, the Port Harcourt Refinery is expected to commence operations by December this year, while concerns have been raised about the growing gap between official and black market exchange rates. This article aims to explore the connections between these two significant developments and their implications for Nigeria's economy.

The Struggles of Nigeria's Refineries:

One cannot discuss the state of Nigeria's economy without addressing the challenges faced by its refineries. The Port Harcourt Refinery, for instance, has been undergoing slow progress and has consumed trillions of naira in funds. This delay in its revival has had adverse effects on the economy, as the absence of a functioning refinery has led to increased inflation and soaring prices of commodities. It is crucial to note that if the Port Harcourt Refinery were to resume operations before Dangote Refinery, the latter would be compelled to adjust its prices accordingly. However, if Dangote Refinery becomes operational first, it would have more control over price-fixing, potentially leading to sustained high prices.

The Role of Political Interests:

It is disheartening to observe that political interests often take precedence over the welfare of the Nigerian people. The statement made by the national presidents of the Nigeria Labour Congress and Trade Union Congress commending the nationwide protest points to the frustration felt by citizens who believe that the government should have prioritized reviving the Port Harcourt Refinery before removing the subsidy. This sentiment highlights the need for political leaders to prioritize the common good and ensure that all actions ultimately benefit the Nigerian people.

The Exchange Rate Conundrum:

The growing gap between official and black market exchange rates in Nigeria has also raised concerns among analysts. The recent shift in calculating rates using actual market transaction data instead of indicative quotes from traders reflects a move towards a more transparent and accurate system. However, the disparity between these rates indicates potential distortions in the foreign exchange market, which can have far-reaching consequences for the economy. It is essential to address these disparities and create a more stable and unified exchange rate system that fosters economic growth and investor confidence.

Connecting the Dots:

The struggles faced by Nigeria's refineries and the exchange rate disparities are not isolated issues. They are interconnected and hold implications for the overall health of the Nigerian economy. The delay in refinery operations has already caused inflation and increased commodity prices. If left unaddressed, this can further exacerbate the disparities in exchange rates, leading to economic instability and reduced investor confidence. It is crucial for policymakers to recognize these connections and take proactive measures to rectify the situation.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Prioritize Refinery Revival: The government should expedite the revival of Nigeria's refineries, starting with the Port Harcourt Refinery, to mitigate inflation and reduce dependency on imported petroleum products. This move will have a positive ripple effect on the overall economy.
  • 2. Foster Exchange Rate Stability: Efforts should be made to bridge the gap between official and black market exchange rates by implementing policies that promote transparency, reduce distortions, and ensure a unified exchange rate system. This will enhance investor confidence and attract foreign investment.
  • 3. Enhance Political Accountability: Political leaders must prioritize the welfare of the Nigerian people over personal or party interests. By fostering a culture of accountability and transparency, citizens can trust that their leaders are working towards the collective good, leading to better economic outcomes.


The struggles faced by Nigeria's refineries and the growing gap between official and black market exchange rates are critical challenges that require immediate attention. By prioritizing refinery revival, fostering exchange rate stability, and enhancing political accountability, Nigeria can pave the way for a more prosperous and stable economy. It is time for policymakers and citizens alike to come together, recognize the interconnectedness of these issues, and work towards sustainable solutions that benefit all Nigerians.

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