Strategies to Combat Rising Inflation and Foster Economic Stability in Nigeria

Feranmi Olaseinde

Hatched by Feranmi Olaseinde

Sep 20, 2023

3 min read


Strategies to Combat Rising Inflation and Foster Economic Stability in Nigeria


In Nigeria, the Federal Government is taking proactive measures to curb the rising inflation and maintain economic stability. Minister of Finance and Coordinating Minister for the Economy (CME), Mr. Wale Edun, has hinted at the government's plan to cut the cash in circulation as a means to rein in inflation. This article explores the various aspects of this strategy, including controlling money supply, disbursement caution, and striking a balance between economic growth and inflation.

Controlling Money Supply:

On the monetary side, the government aims to control the growth of money supply through various measures. These measures include adjusting interest rates, implementing open market operations, and setting reserve requirements for banks. By carefully managing the amount of money in circulation, the government can have a direct impact on inflation rates. This strategy ensures that there is adequate money supply to support economic growth while preventing excessive inflation that can erode the value of currency and cause economic instability.

Disbursement Caution:

In addition to controlling money supply, caution is required in how the federal, state, and local governments disburse money. The allocation of funds should be done with a thorough understanding of the economic implications. By carefully assessing the needs and priorities of various sectors, the government can allocate resources efficiently, promoting economic stability. It is crucial for the government to prioritize investments that stimulate economic growth and allocate funds accordingly.

Balancing Economic Growth and Inflation:

The ultimate objective of the government's strategy is to strike a balance between ensuring adequate money supply to support economic growth and preventing excessive inflation. This delicate balance is crucial for sustaining economic stability. When inflation rates are too high, the value of currency decreases, leading to economic instability. On the other hand, if money supply is restricted too much, it may hinder economic growth. Finding this equilibrium requires careful analysis and proactive decision-making.

Revenue Sources and Allocation:

To support the government's efforts in curbing inflation, understanding the sources of revenue and their allocation is vital. In Nigeria, the Federal Account Allocation Committee (FAAC) plays a key role in revenue sharing among the federal, state, and local governments. In a recent allocation, the FAAC shared N966.11 billion, with the Federal Government receiving N374.48 billion, the states receiving N310.67 billion, and the 774 local government areas receiving N229.41 billion. These allocations provide the necessary funds for the government to implement its strategies effectively.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Implement Efficient Tax Collection: Enhancing tax collection systems can significantly increase revenue for the government. By ensuring that individuals and businesses pay their fair share of taxes, the government can boost its revenue and have more resources to combat inflation.
  • 2. Promote Financial Literacy: Educating the public about financial management and the impact of inflation can empower individuals to make informed decisions. By promoting financial literacy, the government can encourage responsible spending and saving habits, contributing to overall economic stability.
  • 3. Foster a Diverse Economy: Relying on a single industry or sector can make the economy vulnerable to inflation. Diversifying the economy by promoting different sectors, such as agriculture, manufacturing, and technology, can create a more resilient and stable economic environment.


As Nigeria faces the challenge of rising inflation, the government's strategy to control money supply, exercise caution in disbursement, and strike a balance between economic growth and inflation is crucial. By implementing efficient monetary policies and making informed decisions regarding revenue allocation, the government can foster economic stability. Additionally, taking actionable steps such as efficient tax collection, promoting financial literacy, and diversifying the economy can further support these efforts. With a comprehensive approach, Nigeria can overcome inflationary pressures and pave the way for sustained economic growth.

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