Curbing Inflation and Promoting Economic Growth: Strategies for the Federal Government

Feranmi Olaseinde

Hatched by Feranmi Olaseinde

Sep 07, 2023

3 min read


Curbing Inflation and Promoting Economic Growth: Strategies for the Federal Government


Inflation is a persistent concern for any economy, as it can erode the value of currency and lead to economic instability. The Federal Government of Nigeria recognizes the importance of curbing rising inflation and has devised a plan to tackle this issue. Minister of Finance and Coordinating Minister for the Economy, Mr. Wale Edun, recently hinted at the government's intention to cut the cash in circulation as a means to rein in inflation. In this article, we will explore the government's strategies, the importance of maintaining a balance between economic growth and inflation control, and provide actionable advice for policymakers.

Controlling Money Supply:

The government's plan to curb inflation revolves around controlling the growth of money supply through various measures. These measures include adjusting interest rates, engaging in open market operations, and setting reserve requirements for banks. By manipulating these factors, the government can influence the amount of money circulating in the economy, thereby impacting inflation rates. This approach tackles inflation at its root cause, ensuring that excessive money supply does not lead to economic instability.

Fiscal Responsibility:

In addition to monetary measures, fiscal responsibility is also crucial in curbing inflation. The government must exercise caution in how federal, state, and local governments disburse money. A responsible approach to budgeting and spending is necessary to prevent an excessive influx of money into the economy. By maintaining fiscal discipline, the government can avoid contributing to inflationary pressures and promote sustainable economic growth.

Revenue Allocation and Economic Stability:

The revenue allocation process plays a significant role in maintaining economic stability. The recent allocation of N966.11 billion from a total gross revenue of N1.746 trillion highlights the importance of distributing funds to the three tiers of government in a balanced manner. The Federal Government received N374.48 billion, the states received N310.67 billion, and the 774 local government areas received N229.41 billion. This equitable sharing of revenue ensures that all levels of government have the necessary resources to meet their obligations without burdening the economy with excessive liquidity.

Balancing Economic Growth and Inflation Control:

Striking a balance between economic growth and inflation control is crucial for long-term stability. While it is essential to ensure adequate money supply to support economic growth, excessive inflation can undermine the value of currency and hinder progress. The government's approach to cutting cash in circulation aims to find this delicate balance. By implementing both monetary and fiscal measures, policymakers can foster an environment conducive to sustainable economic growth while keeping inflation in check.

Actionable Advice for Policymakers:

  • 1. Prioritize Price Stability: Policymakers should prioritize maintaining price stability as a key objective. This can be achieved by implementing appropriate monetary policies and avoiding excessive money supply growth that fuels inflationary pressures.
  • 2. Strengthen Fiscal Discipline: Governments at all levels must exercise fiscal discipline and responsible budgeting. By avoiding excessive spending and ensuring efficient allocation of resources, policymakers can contribute to stable economic conditions.
  • 3. Invest in Productive Sectors: To promote economic growth without fueling inflation, policymakers should focus on investing in productive sectors of the economy. This can include infrastructure development, education, and technology, which have the potential to generate sustainable growth and job opportunities.


Curbing inflation and promoting economic growth require a comprehensive and balanced approach. The Federal Government's plan to cut cash in circulation, coupled with fiscal responsibility, demonstrates a commitment to addressing inflationary pressures. By implementing suitable monetary and fiscal measures, policymakers can foster an environment conducive to sustainable growth while ensuring price stability. Prioritizing price stability, strengthening fiscal discipline, and investing in productive sectors are actionable steps that can contribute to long-term economic stability. With careful planning and execution, Nigeria can achieve its goals of curbing inflation and promoting economic growth.

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