The Shift Towards De-Dollarization: Exploring New Trade Frameworks and Fiscal Policy Reforms

Feranmi Olaseinde

Hatched by Feranmi Olaseinde

Sep 18, 2023

4 min read


The Shift Towards De-Dollarization: Exploring New Trade Frameworks and Fiscal Policy Reforms


In a world where global economic dynamics are constantly evolving, countries are finding innovative ways to reduce their reliance on the US dollar. India and the UAE took a significant step towards this direction by signing agreements to settle trade in their local currencies, eliminating the need for dollar conversions. This move aims to cut transaction costs and establish a more streamlined cross-border payment system. However, India and the UAE are not alone in their pursuit of de-dollarization. Powerful nations like China and Russia are also exploring alternatives to the dollar in response to aggressive US sanctions and foreign policy plays. Additionally, notable fiscal policy reforms are being introduced in various countries to further strengthen their economic strategies. This article delves into the de-dollarization trend and the recent fiscal policy and tax reforms in Nigeria.

The De-Dollarization Trend:

The shift away from the US dollar as the dominant global currency is gaining momentum, with countries seeking to diversify their foreign exchange reserves and reduce their vulnerability to US policies. China and Russia, in particular, have been actively working towards challenging the dollar's supremacy. Both nations have been increasing bilateral trade in their respective currencies, promoting the use of the yuan and the ruble as alternatives. By doing so, these countries aim to decrease their exposure to potential US sanctions and enhance their economic independence.

India and UAE's Currency Agreement:

India, being the world's third largest oil importer and consumer, recognized the need to reduce its reliance on the dollar for oil transactions. In a significant move, India and the UAE agreed to settle their trade in their local currencies. This strategic decision not only aims to cut transaction costs but also eliminates the need for dollar conversions, streamlining the payment process. Moreover, the two nations established a real-time payment link to simplify cross-border money transfers. This innovative framework not only strengthens the economic ties between India and the UAE but also sets a precedent for other countries looking to explore similar alternatives.

Fiscal Policy and Tax Reforms in Nigeria:

Nigeria, a key player in the African economy, has recently taken steps towards fiscal policy and tax reforms. President Bola Tinubu approved the establishment of a presidential committee on fiscal policy and tax reforms, with Taiwo Oyedele from PwC Nigeria as the chairman. This committee aims to introduce strategic reforms to enhance Nigeria's fiscal policies and tax systems, promoting economic growth and attracting foreign investments. These reforms are crucial for Nigeria's economic diversification and reducing its dependence on oil revenues.

Connecting the Dots:

While seemingly unrelated, the de-dollarization trend and the fiscal policy and tax reforms in Nigeria have underlying connections. Both initiatives stem from the desire to strengthen economic independence and reduce vulnerability to external factors. By diversifying trade currencies and implementing robust fiscal policies, countries can enhance their economic resilience and mitigate potential risks.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Explore Currency Diversification: Countries should consider diversifying their trade currencies to reduce reliance on the US dollar. By establishing agreements with major trading partners to settle trade in local currencies, transaction costs can be minimized, and economic independence can be strengthened.
  • 2. Foster Fiscal Policy and Tax Reforms: Governments should prioritize fiscal policy and tax reforms to attract foreign investments and promote economic diversification. By creating an environment conducive to business growth and implementing fair and transparent tax systems, countries can enhance their economic stability and reduce dependence on specific sectors.
  • 3. Strengthen Regional Economic Cooperation: Countries can explore opportunities for regional economic cooperation to further reduce reliance on the US dollar. By establishing trade blocs and promoting trade within the region, countries can enhance economic integration, strengthen regional currencies, and reduce exposure to external shocks.


The global shift towards de-dollarization is gaining momentum, with countries like India and the UAE leading the way in exploring alternative trade frameworks. Additionally, fiscal policy and tax reforms, such as those undertaken in Nigeria, are crucial for countries seeking to enhance their economic strategies. By diversifying trade currencies, implementing robust fiscal policies, and fostering regional economic cooperation, countries can reduce their dependence on the US dollar and establish a more resilient economic foundation. It is clear that the pursuit of economic independence and stability is driving these transformative changes in the global economic landscape.

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