Exploring Dispute Resolution Methods in Nigeria: Insights and Actionable Advice

Feranmi Olaseinde

Hatched by Feranmi Olaseinde

Oct 05, 2023

3 min read


Exploring Dispute Resolution Methods in Nigeria: Insights and Actionable Advice


Dispute resolution is a critical aspect of any legal system, and Nigeria is no exception. In this article, we will delve into the most popular dispute resolution methods in Nigeria, namely litigation, arbitration, and mediation. We will also explore unique insights and actionable advice shared by Udo Udoma & Belo-Osagie, renowned experts in the field.

Litigation and Arbitration: The Traditional Approaches

Litigation and arbitration have long been the go-to dispute resolution methods in Nigeria. Litigation involves presenting a case before a court, where a judge makes the final decision. On the other hand, arbitration is a process where disputing parties agree to resolve their issues outside of court, with a neutral third party making the final decision.

These methods have their merits, as they provide a formal and structured approach to resolving disputes. However, they can be time-consuming, expensive, and often strain relationships between the parties involved. This has led to the rise of an alternative dispute resolution method gaining traction in Nigeria – mediation.

The Emergence of Mediation

Mediation is increasingly gaining popularity in Nigeria as a more flexible and collaborative approach to resolving disputes. Unlike litigation and arbitration, mediation focuses on facilitating communication and negotiation between the parties, with a neutral mediator guiding the process.

Udo Udoma & Belo-Osagie emphasize the benefits of mediation, highlighting its ability to preserve relationships, foster creative solutions, and offer a quicker resolution compared to traditional methods. Mediation empowers disputing parties to actively participate in finding mutually agreeable solutions, ultimately leading to more satisfactory outcomes.

Unique Insights and Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Foster a Culture of Mediation: Nigerian businesses and individuals should embrace mediation as a primary method of dispute resolution. By actively promoting mediation as a culture, we can reduce the burden on courts and enhance the efficiency of resolving disputes.
  • 2. Educate and Train Mediators: To ensure the success of mediation, it is crucial to invest in the education and training of mediators. Building a pool of skilled mediators will not only enhance the quality of the process but also instill confidence in parties to opt for mediation as a preferred method.
  • 3. Encourage Mediation Clauses: Udo Udoma & Belo-Osagie suggest incorporating mediation clauses into contracts and agreements. By including these clauses, parties commit to attempting mediation before resorting to litigation or arbitration. This can help streamline the dispute resolution process and reduce costs.


In conclusion, Nigeria's dispute resolution landscape is evolving, with mediation emerging as a promising alternative to traditional methods. By embracing mediation, fostering a culture of mediation, investing in mediator education, and encouraging mediation clauses, Nigeria can enhance its dispute resolution mechanisms. As Udo Udoma & Belo-Osagie highlight, the benefits of mediation extend beyond time and cost savings, promoting cooperation, and preserving relationships – factors crucial for a thriving society.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Foster a Culture of Mediation
  • 2. Educate and Train Mediators
  • 3. Encourage Mediation Clauses

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