Strategies to Reduce Inflation and Promote De-dollarization

Feranmi Olaseinde

Hatched by Feranmi Olaseinde

Sep 20, 2023

3 min read


Strategies to Reduce Inflation and Promote De-dollarization


In recent news, the Nigerian government has announced plans to curb rising inflation by implementing measures to reduce the cash in circulation. This move aims to strike a balance between supporting economic growth and preventing excessive inflation that can lead to economic instability. Concurrently, India and the UAE have taken steps towards de-dollarization, with the intention of reducing their reliance on the U.S. dollar for international trade. This article will explore the common points between these two developments and provide actionable advice on how countries can navigate these challenges.

Reducing Cash in Circulation:

The Nigerian government's plan to reduce cash in circulation as a means of curbing inflation reflects a monetary approach to managing the economy. By controlling the growth of money supply through measures such as adjusting interest rates, open market operations, or setting reserve requirements for banks, the government aims to prevent excessive inflation that can erode the value of currency. This strategy requires caution in the disbursement of funds by federal, state, and local governments.

De-Dollarization Efforts:

India's decision to settle trade with the UAE in rupees instead of dollars is part of a broader trend towards de-dollarization. The goal is to reduce transaction costs and eliminate the need for dollar conversions. Other nations, including China and Russia, are also actively seeking alternatives to the U.S. dollar, motivated by concerns over aggressive U.S. sanctions and foreign policy plays. By promoting trade in local currencies and establishing real-time payment links, countries aim to reduce their dependence on the dollar and assert more control over their economic affairs.

Common Points and Connections:

While the Nigerian government's focus is on addressing inflation and the Indian-UAE agreement centers around de-dollarization, both developments highlight the importance of managing currency and financial systems to maintain stability and autonomy. By reducing the cash in circulation, Nigeria aims to prevent inflation from eroding the value of its currency and causing economic instability. Similarly, India and the UAE's decision to trade in rupees aims to decrease their reliance on the dollar, allowing them greater control over their economies and reducing vulnerability to external factors.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Diversify Currency Reserves: Governments should consider diversifying their currency reserves to include a mix of currencies, reducing reliance on a single currency like the U.S. dollar. This can help mitigate the impact of fluctuations in currency values and reduce vulnerability to economic shocks.
  • 2. Strengthen Local Financial Systems: Countries should focus on strengthening their local financial systems to support trade in local currencies. This includes developing robust payment infrastructure, improving banking systems, and promoting financial inclusion. Such measures will facilitate smoother transactions and encourage greater adoption of local currencies in international trade.
  • 3. Promote Regional Economic Integration: Regional economic integration can play a vital role in reducing dependence on the U.S. dollar. By fostering closer economic ties within regional blocs, countries can enhance trade in local currencies, reduce transaction costs, and establish more stable financial networks. Collaborative efforts like establishing regional payment systems and trade agreements can strengthen economic resilience and promote de-dollarization.


The Nigerian government's efforts to reduce inflation by cutting cash in circulation and India's move towards de-dollarization by trading in rupees highlight the growing need for countries to assert more control over their financial systems. By employing strategies such as diversifying currency reserves, strengthening local financial systems, and promoting regional economic integration, nations can reduce their vulnerability to external factors and enhance their economic stability. As the world continues to evolve, countries must adapt and explore innovative solutions to ensure sustainable economic growth.

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