Defining Your Team and Enhancing Learning Outcomes: Key Questions and Strategies

Cuong Duy Nguyen

Hatched by Cuong Duy Nguyen

Sep 02, 2023

4 min read


Defining Your Team and Enhancing Learning Outcomes: Key Questions and Strategies


In today's fast-paced world, teams often struggle to define themselves, hindering their ability to work cohesively and achieve their goals. At the same time, instructional designers face the challenge of classifying learning objectives and outcomes effectively to ensure meaningful education. In this article, we will explore four critical questions for your team and how Bloom's taxonomy can be utilized to classify learning objectives. We will also delve into strategies such as the Backwards Design Benchmark and the roundtable discussion method to enhance team dynamics and learning outcomes.

1. Defining Your Team:

One common problem faced by teams is the lack of clarity in defining their purpose and roles. To address this, Penn GSE Prof. Zachary Herrmann recommends answering four critical questions:

  • 1. What is our purpose? Clearly defining the team's purpose enables everyone to align their efforts and work towards a common goal. It establishes a sense of direction and fosters collaboration.
  • 2. What are our values? Identifying the values that the team collectively cherishes helps in establishing a positive team culture. When individuals share common values, it enhances trust, respect, and communication within the team.
  • 3. What are our goals? Setting specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals provides a clear roadmap for the team's success. Each team member can then align their individual objectives with these overarching goals.
  • 4. What are our roles and responsibilities? Clearly defining roles and responsibilities ensures that everyone understands their contribution to the team's objectives. It eliminates confusion and promotes accountability and efficiency.

By taking the time to answer these critical questions, teams can establish a strong foundation for success and foster a collaborative environment.

2. Bloom's Taxonomy and Learning Objectives:

Instructional designers often face the challenge of classifying learning objectives and outcomes effectively for meaningful education. Bloom's taxonomy provides a framework that can be used to categorize learning objectives based on the level of cognitive complexity required. The taxonomy consists of six levels: Remembering, Understanding, Applying, Analyzing, Evaluating, and Creating.

To effectively utilize Bloom's taxonomy, instructional designers can employ the Backwards Design Benchmark. This approach involves co-designing desirable learning outcomes with students, ensuring that the objectives are aligned with the specific context or standard of performance. By involving students in the process, the learning objectives become more meaningful and relevant to their needs.

Furthermore, the roundtable discussion method can be employed during the classification process. This method involves bringing together a diverse group of stakeholders, including students, teachers, and subject matter experts, to engage in a collaborative discussion. By leveraging the collective wisdom and insights of this diverse group, instructional designers can gain unique perspectives and ensure a comprehensive classification of learning objectives.

3. Enhancing Team Dynamics and Learning Outcomes:

To enhance team dynamics and promote meaningful learning outcomes, here are three actionable pieces of advice:

  • 1. Foster open communication: Encourage team members to express their thoughts, ideas, and concerns openly. Create a safe space where everyone feels comfortable sharing their perspectives. This open communication fosters creativity, innovation, and problem-solving within the team.
  • 2. Promote collaboration and diversity: Embrace diversity within the team by encouraging different perspectives, backgrounds, and skill sets. This diversity brings a wealth of ideas and insights to the table, leading to more comprehensive and innovative solutions.
  • 3. Provide opportunities for growth and development: Support the professional growth of team members by providing training, workshops, and mentoring opportunities. This investment in their development not only enhances their individual skills but also contributes to the overall success of the team.


Defining your team's purpose, values, goals, and roles is crucial for establishing a strong foundation for success. Similarly, utilizing Bloom's taxonomy and strategies such as the Backwards Design Benchmark and roundtable discussions can enhance the classification of learning objectives and outcomes. By fostering open communication, promoting collaboration and diversity, and providing opportunities for growth and development, teams can enhance their dynamics and achieve meaningful learning outcomes. So, take the time to define your team and leverage the power of effective learning objectives for a successful journey ahead.

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