"Mental Models For Problem-Solving To Avoid Catastrophic Mess" & "The Next Century of Transportation: From Horse-drawn Carriages to Flying Taxis to Teleportation"


Hatched by Glasp

Sep 19, 2023

5 min read


"Mental Models For Problem-Solving To Avoid Catastrophic Mess" & "The Next Century of Transportation: From Horse-drawn Carriages to Flying Taxis to Teleportation"


Problem-solving is a crucial skill in our rapidly evolving world. Whether we are trying to overcome personal challenges or tackle complex global issues, having effective mental models can help us navigate through problems and avoid catastrophic messes. Similarly, the field of transportation has witnessed remarkable advancements over the years, from horse-drawn carriages to flying taxis, and even the possibility of teleportation in the future. By exploring the mental models for problem-solving and the future of transportation, we can gain valuable insights and actionable advice for shaping a better future.

1. The Map is Not The Territory:

In problem-solving, it is essential to remember that maps are representations of reality, but they are not reality itself. We often rely on mental maps to guide our decision-making processes, but they can be limited and biased. By recognizing the limitations of our maps, we can open ourselves to new perspectives and possibilities. Similarly, in the realm of transportation, we must understand that our current understanding of transportation systems is just a map of what is possible. As advancements continue to unfold, we must be open to redefining our maps to embrace new opportunities.

2. Do Something Syndrome:

When faced with a problem, our natural inclination is to "do something" in the hopes of solving it quickly. However, this do something syndrome can often lead to hasty decisions and ineffective solutions. Instead of rushing into action, it is crucial to take a step back, analyze the problem, and consider alternative approaches. In transportation, this syndrome is evident when we focus on incremental improvements without considering radical innovations. To avoid getting stuck in this syndrome, we must be open to disruptive ideas and approaches that can revolutionize the way we move.

3. First-Conclusion Bias:

Our minds have a tendency to latch onto the first idea that comes to mind and then shut down further exploration. This first-conclusion bias can hinder our problem-solving abilities by limiting our creativity and preventing us from considering alternative solutions. To overcome this bias, we need to cultivate a mindset of continuous exploration and curiosity. Similarly, in the transportation industry, we must avoid being complacent with the current solutions and constantly seek new possibilities. By challenging the first conclusions, we can uncover breakthrough innovations that redefine transportation as we know it.

4. Social Proof (Safety in Numbers):

Humans have a natural inclination to seek safety in numbers. When we don't know how to act, we turn to others for advice and tend to mimic their behavior. This safety in numbers mental model can influence our problem-solving approaches by leading us to conform to popular opinions or conventional wisdom. To avoid falling into this trap, we must cultivate independent thinking and critically evaluate the advice and opinions of others. In transportation, this mental model is evident when we rely on crowd opinions and trends to dictate our choices. By breaking away from the crowd and exploring alternative transportation options, we can pave the way for truly transformative advancements.

5. Tendency to Distort Due to Liking/Loving or Disliking/Hating:

Our personal biases and emotions often cloud our judgment, leading us to favor or disregard ideas based on our feelings towards the person presenting them. However, it is crucial to separate the value of an idea from the person delivering it. By focusing on the content rather than the messenger, we can make more objective and effective decisions. This tendency can also be observed in the transportation industry when we dismiss innovative ideas because they come from unfamiliar sources. By embracing diverse perspectives and considering ideas objectively, we can accelerate progress in transportation.

6. Two-Front War:

Multitasking has become a common practice in our fast-paced lives, but it can hinder problem-solving effectiveness. When faced with multiple important decisions, it is essential to prioritize and focus our efforts on one problem at a time. By dedicating our cognitive power to a single problem, we can achieve better outcomes and avoid spreading ourselves too thin. In transportation, this mental model reminds us to prioritize key challenges and focus on solving them before moving on to other areas. By avoiding distractions and maintaining focus, we can drive meaningful change in transportation.

7. The Law of Diminishing Returns:

Sometimes, adding more resources or people to solve a problem does not yield proportional gains. The law of diminishing returns suggests that after reaching an optimal level of productivity, adding more adjustments may result in smaller gains. When approaching problems, we should consider this principle and evaluate whether reducing or reallocating resources can lead to more effective solutions. In transportation, this mental model encourages us to question the conventional approach of adding more infrastructure and explore ways to optimize existing systems. By focusing on efficiency rather than sheer scale, we can create sustainable transportation solutions.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Embrace divergent thinking: Challenge the first conclusions and explore alternative solutions to problems. In transportation, seek out radical innovations rather than incremental improvements.
  • 2. Cultivate independent thinking: Evaluate ideas based on their content, not the person presenting them. In transportation, embrace diverse perspectives and consider ideas objectively, regardless of their source.
  • 3. Prioritize and focus: Avoid multitasking and dedicate your cognitive power to solving one problem at a time. In transportation, prioritize key challenges and focus on solving them before moving on to other areas.


By understanding the mental models for problem-solving and envisioning the future of transportation, we can navigate through complex challenges and shape a better world. The key lies in embracing diverse perspectives, challenging conventional wisdom, and focusing our efforts on impactful solutions. As we continue to evolve, both in our problem-solving approaches and transportation systems, let us remember that the maps we create are not the territory itself. By being open to new possibilities, we can avoid catastrophic messes and usher in a future that is both innovative and sustainable.

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