The Power of Rare and Valuable Skills: Building Moats for Success


Hatched by Glasp

Sep 29, 2023

3 min read


The Power of Rare and Valuable Skills: Building Moats for Success


In a world where most people focus on acquiring "in-demand" skills, it is the smart individuals who choose to learn rare and valuable skills instead. These individuals recognize the importance of standing out and investing in areas that others overlook. This article explores the connection between learning rare skills and building moats for success, drawing insights from various sources in business, investing, and personal development.

Learning Rare Skills:

Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft, understood the value of learning rare skills when he chose to study science instead of solely focusing on industry news and business books. By becoming an amateur historian and delving into cycles that spanned hundreds of years, he gained a unique perspective that set him apart from his competitors.

The Outlier Algorithm:

The Outlier Algorithm, a mental model used by top innovators and investors, emphasizes the importance of being an independent thinker and betting against the consensus. To achieve success, one must think differently from the majority and be willing to take risks. By focusing on investments that are rare and valuable, individuals can increase their chances of standing out and achieving exceptional results.

The Role of Quirks:

Quirks, defined as unique and inconsequential traits, can play a significant role in the success of individuals. By embracing their quirks and leveraging them to their advantage, individuals can differentiate themselves from others and make valuable contributions to their chosen fields. Quirks can also serve as a quick filter to identify whether someone is a consensus thinker or a contrarian thinker.

The Power of Moats:

When it comes to business success, moats play a crucial role in protecting a company's margins from competitive forces. Hamilton Helmer, in his book "7 Powers," identifies seven types of moats, including economies of scale, network effects, switching costs, and brand power. Moats are especially important for companies experiencing rapid growth, as success accelerates the need for long-term protection.

The Relationship Between Moats and Product-Market Fit:

While moats are essential for long-term success, it is crucial to prioritize achieving product-market fit before focusing on building moats. Uncertainty, particularly in the early stages of a startup, acts as a training wheels moat that keeps competition at bay. However, as success becomes apparent, it is necessary to establish more permanent moats to sustain growth and fend off competitors.

Differentiating Novelty and Complexity Uncertainty:

Two types of uncertainty affect the depth of moats needed: novelty uncertainty and complexity uncertainty. Novelty uncertainty revolves around the technical risk of whether a product or service can be built, while complexity uncertainty questions the existence of a profitable market for the offering. Understanding the level of uncertainty helps determine the urgency and extent of moat-building efforts.

Taking Action: Three Key Strategies:

  • 1. Be an independent thinker and invest in rare and valuable skills: To stand out and achieve exceptional results, embrace your uniqueness and focus on learning skills that are in high demand but low supply. Avoid merely following the consensus view, as success often lies in thinking differently and being right.
  • 2. Embrace uncertainty and build moats strategically: Recognize that uncertainty creates opportunities for building moats. Direct limited resources towards digging moats before removing enough uncertainty to attract serious competition. Balance the urgency of moat-building with the level of uncertainty surrounding your idea.
  • 3. Prioritize product-market fit before moat-building: Understand that moats alone cannot guarantee success. Focus on achieving product-market fit first, as this is the foundation for sustainable growth. Once product-market fit is established, shift your attention to building moats that protect and enhance your competitive advantage.


By recognizing the value of rare and valuable skills and understanding the role of moats in success, individuals can differentiate themselves and create long-term value. Embrace your quirks, think independently, and invest in skills that are in high demand but low supply. Prioritize achieving product-market fit before building moats strategically. By incorporating these actionable strategies, you can position yourself for success in an increasingly competitive landscape.

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