Ten Materials That Store Carbon and Help Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions


Hatched by Shalom

Jun 13, 2024

3 min read


Ten Materials That Store Carbon and Help Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

In the fight against climate change, finding innovative solutions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is crucial. One promising approach is the development of materials that can store carbon, effectively removing it from the atmosphere. Here, we present ten such materials that not only store carbon but also have various applications across industries.

  • 1. 3D-Printed Wood: Additive manufacturing company Forust has revolutionized the use of sawdust and lignin, which are typically discarded by the timber and paper industries. By converting these waste materials into a 3D printing filament, Forust has created a sustainable alternative to traditional wood. This not only reduces waste but also helps store carbon by utilizing these materials.
  • 2. Mycelium Insulation: London-based start-up Biohm is harnessing the power of mycelium, the root-like structure of fungi, to create building insulation. Not only is mycelium naturally fire-retardant, but it also has the remarkable ability to remove approximately 16 tonnes of carbon per month from the atmosphere as it grows. This innovative solution not only provides effective insulation but also contributes to carbon sequestration.
  • 3. Bioplastic: Made of Air, a German brand, has developed a carbon-negative bioplastic that has a wide range of applications. This innovative material can be used in the manufacturing of cars, interiors, and cladding. By utilizing renewable resources and capturing carbon during production, bioplastics offer a sustainable alternative to traditional plastics while actively reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
  • 4. Carpet Tiles: Carpet tiles made from recycled materials have gained popularity in recent years due to their sustainability benefits. These tiles not only reduce waste but also contribute to carbon storage. By incorporating recycled fibers and implementing environmentally-friendly manufacturing processes, carpet tiles provide an eco-conscious flooring option that helps combat climate change.
  • 5. Olivine Sand: Olivine, a common mineral found on Earth, offers a unique opportunity for carbon storage. When crushed and scattered on the ground, olivine is capable of absorbing its own mass in CO2. This makes it an excellent choice as a fertilizer or a replacement for sand or gravel in landscaping. Additionally, the carbonated version of olivine can be used as an additive in the production of cement, paper, or 3D-printing filaments, further contributing to carbon sequestration.
  • 6. Concrete: Concrete production is notorious for its high carbon emissions. However, Montreal-based company Carbicrete has developed an innovative solution to this problem. Their concrete captures carbon during its production process while substituting emissions-intensive cement. By compensating for the carbon typically emitted by concrete production, Carbicrete's solution helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the construction industry.

These materials offer significant potential for carbon storage and emission reduction. By incorporating them into various industries, we can make a tangible impact on combating climate change. However, it is essential to take actionable steps to promote the adoption of these innovative materials:

  • 1. Raise Awareness: Educate industries and consumers about the benefits of these materials in carbon storage and emission reduction. By spreading awareness, we can encourage their widespread adoption and make a significant impact on reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
  • 2. Financial Incentives: Governments and organizations should provide financial incentives to companies that utilize these materials in their production processes. By offering tax breaks or grants, we can promote the transition to sustainable materials and accelerate the fight against climate change.
  • 3. Research and Development: Continued investment in research and development is crucial to improving these materials' efficiency and expanding their applications. By supporting scientific advancements, we can unlock the full potential of these carbon-storing materials and drive innovation in the field.

In conclusion, the development of materials that store carbon and help reduce greenhouse gas emissions presents a promising solution in the fight against climate change. From 3D-printed wood to olivine sand and innovative concrete, these materials offer unique opportunities for carbon storage across industries. By raising awareness, providing financial incentives, and investing in research and development, we can unlock the full potential of these materials and actively combat climate change. Together, we can make a significant impact on our planet's future.

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