Unlocking the Power of Product Discovery and Consumer Value

Aviral Vaid

Aviral Vaid

Sep 18, 20235 min read


Unlocking the Power of Product Discovery and Consumer Value

In the world of product development, the journey from ideation to market success can be a treacherous one. It's not enough to simply come up with a brilliant idea; you must also navigate a landscape of risks and uncertainties. This is where product discovery comes into play.

Product discovery is the process of uncovering and validating ideas that have the potential to create value for customers. It is a critical step in the overall product development lifecycle, as it helps teams identify the right problems to solve and the right solutions to build. But what exactly is product discovery, and why is it so important?

At its core, product discovery is about answering five fundamental questions: value, usability, viability, feasibility, and ethics. Let's explore each of these areas in more detail.

Value: Will it create value for the customers?

When developing a new product, one of the first questions to ask is whether it will create value for the intended customers. After all, if a product doesn't solve a real problem or meet a genuine need, it is unlikely to succeed in the market. Understanding and delivering value is key to winning over customers and driving sustainable growth.

Usability: Will users figure out how to use it?

Even if a product offers great value, it won't matter if users can't figure out how to use it. Usability is all about ensuring that the product is intuitive and easy to navigate. By conducting user research and testing, teams can identify potential usability issues early on and make the necessary improvements to enhance the overall user experience.

Viability: Can our business support it?

While creating value and ensuring usability are important, a product must also align with the business's goals and capabilities. Viability refers to the feasibility of bringing the product to market and sustaining it in the long run. This includes considerations such as cost, profitability, and market fit. It's essential to evaluate whether the product makes sense from a business perspective before investing significant time and resources into its development.

Feasibility: Can it be done (technology)?

Another critical aspect of product discovery is assessing the feasibility of building the product from a technological standpoint. This involves evaluating whether the required technology exists or can be developed within a reasonable timeframe. It's important to consider any technical constraints or dependencies that may impact the successful implementation of the product.

Ethics: Should we do it? Are there any ethical considerations?

Finally, product discovery should also take into account any ethical considerations. In an increasingly conscious and socially aware world, businesses must evaluate the potential impact of their products on society, the environment, and other stakeholders. This involves making choices that align with ethical standards and avoiding any harm or negative consequences.

Now that we have a better understanding of product discovery, let's shift our focus to consumer value. What do customers truly value, and how can businesses tap into those desires to drive success?

In a groundbreaking study, researchers identified 30 elements of value that customers consider when evaluating a product or service. These elements fall into four categories: functional, emotional, life changing, and social impact. By understanding and delivering on these elements, companies can enhance their performance in existing markets or break into new ones.

The elements of value pyramid provides a practical framework for understanding the hierarchy of consumer needs. At the base of the pyramid, we have functional value, which refers to the basic features and capabilities that a product offers. Moving up the pyramid, we encounter emotional value, which relates to how a product makes customers feel. Above that is life-changing value, which encompasses products or services that have a profound impact on customers' lives. Finally, at the peak of the pyramid, we find social impact value, reflecting a product's contribution to society at large.

By leveraging the elements of value, businesses can create products that resonate deeply with customers and provide a competitive edge. However, it's important to note that the perception of value is subjective and can vary from person to person. What holds value for one customer may not hold the same weight for another. Therefore, it's crucial to conduct thorough customer research and tailor products to meet specific customer needs and desires.

In conclusion, product discovery and consumer value are intertwined concepts that drive successful product development. By incorporating product discovery principles, such as assessing value, usability, viability, feasibility, and ethics, teams can increase their chances of building products that truly resonate with customers. Additionally, by understanding the elements of value and catering to customers' diverse needs, businesses can create products that stand out in the market.

To maximize the effectiveness of product discovery and consumer value, here are three actionable pieces of advice:

  • 1. Prioritize user research: Invest time and resources into understanding your customers' needs, pain points, and desires. Use qualitative and quantitative research methods to gather insights that inform your product discovery process.
  • 2. Embrace an iterative approach: Product discovery is an ongoing journey, not a one-time event. Embrace an iterative mindset that allows you to test and refine your ideas based on user feedback and market insights. This way, you can continuously improve your product and adapt to changing customer needs.
  • 3. Foster a culture of empathy: Put yourself in your customers' shoes and strive to understand their experiences and perspectives. Foster a culture of empathy within your organization, where everyone, from executives to developers, values and prioritizes the customer's voice.

By following these actionable pieces of advice, businesses can unlock the power of product discovery and consumer value, paving the way for innovation and market success.


  1. "What Exactly Is Product Discovery? Product Discovery 101", https://medium.com/agileinsider/what-exactly-is-product-discovery-product-discovery-101-e45f751a8d05 (Glasp)
  2. "The 30 Elements of Consumer Value: A Hierarchy", https://hbr.org/2016/09/the-elements-of-value (Glasp)

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