"The Intersection of AI Communication and Moral Philosophy: Exploring Zero Shot Chain of Thought and the Concept of Happiness as a Moral End"

Lucas Charbonnier

Lucas Charbonnier

Nov 23, 20234 min read


"The Intersection of AI Communication and Moral Philosophy: Exploring Zero Shot Chain of Thought and the Concept of Happiness as a Moral End"


In this article, we will delve into two seemingly unrelated topics: Zero Shot Chain of Thought (Zero-shot-CoT) prompting in the field of artificial intelligence communication and the concept of happiness as a moral end in philosophy. While these subjects may appear distinct, we will uncover commonalities and explore how they intersect.

Zero Shot Chain of Thought:

Zero Shot Chain of Thought is an innovative approach that builds upon CoT prompting, aiming to generate more accurate answers from AI models. By simply appending the phrase "Let's think step by step." to a question, LLMs (Language Model Models) can produce a chain of thought that addresses the query. This chain of thought subsequently facilitates the extraction of precise answers. Zero-shot-CoT has proven effective in enhancing results on various tasks such as arithmetic, commonsense, and symbolic reasoning.

The full Zero-shot-CoT process involves two prompts or completions. The first prompt generates a chain of thought, while the second prompt extracts the answer from the chain of thought. This self-augmented prompt improves the accuracy of the generated responses. The primary advantage of Zero-shot-CoT is its usefulness in situations where obtaining sufficient few-shot examples for CoT prompting is challenging.

Happiness as a Moral End:

Moving on to the realm of moral philosophy, we explore the concept of happiness as a moral end. Immanuel Kant, a prominent philosopher, rejects the notion of happiness as a moral end. According to Kant, morality entails fulfilling one's duty without seeking personal gain or rewards. The moral imperative should be entirely disinterested. Therefore, morality neither pursues pleasure nor happiness. Kant asserts that individuals can at most "render themselves deserving of happiness." Happiness, in this context, becomes a mere hope and anthropological need, separate from moral duty.

However, contrasting perspectives argue for the inclusion of happiness as a moral end. Eudemonism suggests that happiness and virtue are intertwined, along with knowledge. This association emphasizes the unity of happiness, virtue, and understanding. Stoicism, another philosophical school of thought, identifies happiness within freedom and virtue. Stoics believe that true freedom lies in the will's refusal to desire things beyond our control. Pursuing external goods such as health, wealth, or fame only leads to enslavement by passions and, consequently, unhappiness. Asceticism, as practiced by stoics, involves daily exercises of willpower to detach oneself from external goods classified as "indifferents."

Aristotle, another influential philosopher, posits that happiness is the ultimate good and should be pursued for its own sake. However, he acknowledges that external circumstances, such as good health, material comfort, or political freedom, contribute to happiness. While these conditions are necessary, they are not sufficient in and of themselves to achieve true happiness. Aristotle's perspective, in contrast to stoicism, opposes the notion that virtue alone suffices regardless of material conditions.

Connecting the Dots:

Now, let us explore the connection between Zero Shot Chain of Thought and the concept of happiness as a moral end. Both domains involve the process of guiding and shaping outcomes. Zero-shot-CoT prompts steer AI models towards generating accurate responses, while moral philosophy seeks to determine the criteria for guiding our moral duties. In both cases, steps are taken to achieve a desired outcome, whether it be extracting precise answers or attaining happiness in line with moral principles.

Furthermore, the utilization of prompts in Zero Shot Chain of Thought prompts aligns with the notion of guiding actions and thoughts. By appending the phrase "Let's think step by step," AI models are directed towards a logical sequence of thoughts that aid in answering questions accurately. Similarly, the pursuit of happiness as a moral end requires individuals to engage in deliberate actions, exercising virtues, and making choices that contribute to their well-being.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Incorporate Zero Shot Chain of Thought in AI applications: For developers and AI practitioners, implementing Zero-shot-CoT can result in improved accuracy and more nuanced responses from AI models. By using appropriate prompts and considering the context, the generated chain of thought can lead to more accurate answers.
  • 2. Reflect on the relationship between virtue and happiness: Individuals can benefit from contemplating the connection between virtue and happiness in their own lives. By aligning their actions with moral principles and pursuing personal growth, they can cultivate a sense of well-being and fulfillment.
  • 3. Seek a balanced approach to happiness: While happiness is essential, it should not be pursued at the expense of moral duty. Recognize that external circumstances may impact happiness, but true fulfillment lies in the practice of virtue and the pursuit of a meaningful life.


The exploration of Zero Shot Chain of Thought and the concept of happiness as a moral end has revealed unexpected intersections. Both domains involve guiding actions and shaping outcomes. Incorporating Zero-shot-CoT in AI applications can enhance accuracy, while reflecting on the relationship between virtue and happiness can lead to a more fulfilling life. By acknowledging the commonalities and incorporating these insights, we can further develop AI technology and foster personal growth and well-being.


  1. "🟢 Zero Shot Chain of Thought | Learn Prompting: Your Guide to Communicating with AI", https://learnprompting.org/docs/intermediate/zero_shot_cot (Glasp)
  2. "Le bonheur est-il une fin morale ?", https://www.annabac.com/revision-bac/le-bonheur-est-il-une-fin-morale (Glasp)

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