The Growing Challenges of Inflation and Tax Burden on Consumers and the Economy

Feranmi Olaseinde

Feranmi Olaseinde

Aug 10, 20234 min read


The Growing Challenges of Inflation and Tax Burden on Consumers and the Economy


In recent times, the global economy has been grappling with the dual challenges of rising inflation rates and an increased tax burden. These issues have far-reaching implications for consumers and the overall economic stability. This article aims to explore the connection between these two phenomena and highlight the potential consequences they pose. Furthermore, we will delve into possible solutions and actionable advice to mitigate these challenges.

Inflation Rate on the Rise:

The inflation rate has been steadily growing, with a year-on-year increase of 1.13% in May alone. This surge in inflationary pressure has been primarily driven by the continuous rise in food prices. Such a scenario can have detrimental effects on consumers, as they face higher costs for essential goods and services. Moreover, businesses may struggle to maintain profitability, leading to potential job losses and economic instability.

The Impact of Contractionary Monetary Policies:

To combat the rising inflation rate, many countries have implemented contractionary monetary policies. These policies aim to reduce the money supply, increase interest rates, and limit consumer spending. While these measures may help curb inflation, they also have unintended consequences. Contractionary monetary policies can hinder economic growth, as reduced consumer spending and increased borrowing costs dampen business investments. This can lead to a slowdown in job creation and exacerbate the challenges faced by consumers.

The Warning Against Increased Tax Burden:

Simultaneously, concerns have been raised regarding the increase in the tax burden on individuals and businesses. The International Centre has cautioned against imposing additional taxes, as it may have adverse effects on the economy. One such example is the proposal to increase Value Added Tax (VAT). Experts argue that an increase in VAT could lead to higher costs for businesses, potentially resulting in layoffs and a rise in unemployment rates. Moreover, it may disrupt the existing VAT system, as traders and intermediaries between manufacturers and distributors may face difficulties in adapting to the new structure.

The Interconnection of Inflation and Tax Burden:

While seemingly distinct, inflation and tax burden share a symbiotic relationship. The rise in prices due to inflation increases the cost of production for businesses. Consequently, businesses may pass on these increased costs to consumers by raising prices. This, in turn, can further fuel inflationary pressures. On the other hand, an increased tax burden can affect consumer spending power and reduce overall demand. A decrease in demand can lead to reduced business profits and potential job cuts, thereby contributing to economic instability.

Mitigating the Challenges:

To address the challenges posed by rising inflation and an increased tax burden, it is crucial to adopt proactive measures. Here are three actionable pieces of advice:

1. Foster Price Stability and Promote Competition:

Efforts should be made to stabilize prices by addressing the root causes of inflation. Governments can implement policies that enhance competition in key sectors to avoid price manipulation. This can help alleviate the burden on consumers and promote economic growth.

2. Implement Progressive Tax Reforms:

Instead of burdening individuals and businesses with higher tax rates, governments can consider implementing progressive tax reforms. This approach ensures that those with higher incomes contribute proportionally more, while relieving the burden on low-income earners. Such reforms can strike a balance between generating revenue for the government and promoting economic well-being.

3. Invest in Education and Skills Development:

To combat the adverse effects of inflation and a high tax burden, investing in education and skills development is essential. Equipping individuals with knowledge and skills can enhance employability and create avenues for entrepreneurship. This, in turn, may alleviate unemployment rates and provide individuals with greater financial stability.


The simultaneous rise in inflation rates and an increased tax burden poses significant challenges for consumers and the overall economy. However, by implementing proactive measures such as fostering price stability, implementing progressive tax reforms, and investing in education and skills development, these challenges can be mitigated. It is crucial for governments and policymakers to prioritize the well-being of individuals and businesses, finding a delicate balance between economic stability and sustainable growth.

Want to hatch new ideas?

Glasp AI allows you to hatch new ideas based on your curated content. Let's curate and create with Glasp AI :)