The Global Shift Away from the Dollar: A Closer Look at The Gambia, India, and the De-Dollarization Trend

Feranmi Olaseinde

Feranmi Olaseinde

Aug 31, 20234 min read


The Global Shift Away from the Dollar: A Closer Look at The Gambia, India, and the De-Dollarization Trend


In recent years, there has been a growing global movement to reduce reliance on the U.S. dollar as the dominant currency for international trade. This shift is driven by various factors, including the desire to cut transaction costs, eliminate dollar conversions, and lessen vulnerability to aggressive U.S. sanctions and foreign policy plays. In this article, we will explore the efforts made by The Gambia, India, and other powerful nations like China and Russia to embrace alternative currencies and the implications of this de-dollarization trend.

The Gambia's Industrial Concerns and Toxic Chemicals:

The Gambia, a small West African country, has faced its own unique challenges in recent times. In a recent BBC News report, it was revealed that diethylene glycol (DEG) and ethylene glycol (EG), toxic chemicals used for industrial purposes, have become a cause for concern. These chemicals can pose serious health risks and their presence in The Gambia raises questions about safety regulations and enforcement. While this issue may seem unrelated to the global de-dollarization trend, a closer examination reveals common points of interest.

India's Rupee-Oil Trade with the UAE:

Another significant development in the quest to reduce reliance on the dollar can be seen in India's recent trade agreements with the United Arab Emirates (UAE). India, as the world's third biggest oil importer and consumer, has made strides towards settling global trade in rupees, its local currency. By signing agreements with the UAE, India aims to cut transaction costs and eliminate the need for dollar conversions. Additionally, the establishment of a real-time payment link simplifies cross-border money transfers. This move by India highlights the determination of nations to explore alternative currencies as a means of freeing themselves from the shackles of dollar dominance.

The De-Dollarization Trend:

India and the UAE are not alone in their efforts to reduce reliance on the dollar. Powerful nations like China and Russia have also expressed their desire to challenge the dollar's supremacy. These countries are motivated by a desire to protect their own economies from the impact of U.S. sanctions and foreign policy maneuvers. By embracing alternative currencies and creating financial systems that bypass the dollar, they aim to strengthen their economic sovereignty and reduce vulnerability to external pressures. This de-dollarization trend is indicative of a broader shift in the global economic landscape.

Implications and Insights:

The global movement away from the dollar towards alternative currencies has far-reaching implications. Firstly, it challenges the long-standing dominance of the U.S. currency and signals a potential shift in global economic power. Secondly, it raises questions about the stability and future of the dollar as the world's reserve currency. If more countries opt for alternative currencies, the dollar's status may be significantly undermined. Lastly, this trend reflects a growing desire for greater financial autonomy and protection against economic coercion.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Diversify Currency Holdings: For individuals and businesses with global financial interests, it is prudent to consider diversifying currency holdings beyond the U.S. dollar. Exploring alternative currencies and investment opportunities can help mitigate potential risks associated with the dollar's decline in value or status.
  • 2. Strengthen Regional Financial Cooperation: As countries seek to reduce their reliance on the dollar, regional financial cooperation becomes crucial. By fostering stronger ties within their respective regions, nations can create more resilient financial systems that are less susceptible to external pressures. This can be achieved through the establishment of regional trade agreements, currency swap arrangements, and joint investment initiatives.
  • 3. Advocate for a More Balanced Global Monetary System: The de-dollarization trend highlights the need for a more balanced and inclusive global monetary system. Governments, international organizations, and financial institutions should engage in constructive dialogues to explore ways of promoting a multi-currency framework that better reflects the economic realities of the 21st century.


The Gambia's industrial concerns and India's rupee-oil trade with the UAE may seem unrelated at first glance, but they both serve as examples of the global shift away from the dollar. The desire to reduce reliance on the U.S. currency is driven by various factors, including the need to cut transaction costs, eliminate dollar conversions, and protect against aggressive U.S. sanctions. As powerful nations like China and Russia join this de-dollarization trend, the implications for the global economic landscape are significant. By diversifying currency holdings, strengthening regional financial cooperation, and advocating for a more balanced global monetary system, individuals, businesses, and governments can navigate this evolving landscape with greater resilience and foresight.


  1. "The Gambia - BBC News", (Glasp)
  2. "Dollar Dumped? India Bought 1m Barrels Of Oil From UAE Using Rupees Instead Of $ - Foreign Affairs - Nigeria", (Glasp)

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