Navigating Taxation and Financial Challenges in Nigeria

Feranmi Olaseinde

Feranmi Olaseinde

Jul 14, 20233 min read


Navigating Taxation and Financial Challenges in Nigeria


The Nigerian economy is facing a multitude of challenges, including an increased tax burden and the removal of petroleum subsidy. These issues have far-reaching consequences, impacting employment rates, inflation, and the overall economic stability of the country. In this article, we will explore the complexities of taxation in developing countries, the importance of effective tax administration, and the potential dangers of excessive borrowing. Additionally, we will provide actionable advice to navigate these challenges and ensure a sustainable financial future for Nigeria.

The Impact of Increased Taxation:

One common argument is that developing countries should increase their tax rates to generate more revenue. However, it is crucial to consider the negative impact of excessive taxation on the economy. Higher taxes can lead to reduced disposable income, limiting individuals' ability to meet their basic needs and decreasing consumption. Consequently, this decrease in consumption dampens production, negatively affecting output and employment rates.

Furthermore, tax revenue collected from company and personal income taxes may decline as individuals and businesses struggle to meet their financial obligations. This can result in a reliance on borrowing to cover monthly expenses, further exacerbating the country's debt burden. It is essential for the government to strike a balance between taxation and economic growth to avoid falling into a cycle of borrowing and debt accumulation.

The Role of Effective Tax Administration:

To ensure the success of any tax system, effective tax administration is crucial. Adam Smith's canons of taxation provide valuable insights into the principles that should guide tax collection: equity, certainty, convenience, and economy. These principles emphasize the importance of fairness, predictability, ease of compliance, and cost-effectiveness in tax administration.

Additionally, the canons of productivity, elasticity, simplicity, and diversity extend the scope of effective tax administration. By adhering to these principles, tax administrators can create a system that encourages compliance, minimizes tax evasion, and maximizes revenue collection. It is imperative for the Nigerian government to prioritize the implementation of these canons to ensure the efficient and fair collection of taxes.

Navigating the Challenges Ahead:

In light of the removal of petroleum subsidy and the potential for increased taxation, it is crucial for the Nigerian government to implement medium and long-term policies that foster economic growth while mitigating inflationary pressures. Public information campaigns about these policies will help build trust in the government and prevent misinformation that could undermine support for necessary changes.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Foster Economic Growth: The government should prioritize policies that promote economic growth to counterbalance the negative effects of increased taxation. By investing in infrastructure, supporting small businesses, and encouraging foreign direct investment, Nigeria can generate sustainable income and reduce its reliance on borrowing.
  • 2. Implement Progressive Taxation: Instead of burdening low-income individuals and businesses with higher tax rates, the government should consider implementing progressive taxation. This approach ensures that those who earn more contribute a larger proportion of their income in taxes, promoting income redistribution and reducing income inequality.
  • 3. Diversify Revenue Streams: Relying solely on taxes as a source of revenue can be risky. Nigeria should explore alternative revenue streams, such as natural resource royalties, tourism, and export-oriented industries. Diversifying revenue sources will create a more resilient and sustainable financial foundation for the country.


As Nigeria faces the challenges of increased taxation and the removal of petroleum subsidy, it is essential for the government to strike a balance between revenue generation and economic growth. By implementing effective tax administration practices, fostering economic growth, and diversifying revenue streams, Nigeria can navigate these challenges and ensure a stable financial future. It is crucial for policymakers to prioritize the well-being of the citizens and the long-term stability of the economy when making decisions regarding taxation and borrowing.

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