The Rising Concerns: Climate Change and Dispute Resolution in Nigeria

Feranmi Olaseinde

Feranmi Olaseinde

Sep 06, 20233 min read


The Rising Concerns: Climate Change and Dispute Resolution in Nigeria


In today's interconnected world, two pressing issues demand our immediate attention: the escalating threats posed by climate change and the need for efficient dispute resolution methods. While they may seem unrelated at first glance, a closer examination reveals their interconnectedness and the urgent need for action. This article aims to shed light on the global average temperature records and the growing popularity of dispute resolution methods in Nigeria, highlighting the shared challenges and potential solutions that lie ahead.

The Global Temperature Records and Carbon Emissions:

Yesterday, Bloomberg on Twitter reported a disheartening milestone - global average temperatures reached a record high. This alarming development underscores the grave dangers associated with the ever-increasing carbon emissions resulting from the burning of fossil fuels. As the world continues to rely heavily on these non-renewable energy sources, the consequences for our planet become increasingly dire. Rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and the loss of biodiversity are just a few of the devastating effects of climate change that we witness today.

Dispute Resolution in Nigeria: Litigation, Arbitration, and Mediation:

Simultaneously, we turn our attention to Nigeria, where dispute resolution methods play a pivotal role in maintaining social harmony and promoting justice. Traditionally, litigation and arbitration have been the go-to methods for resolving conflicts, providing a structured and legally binding approach. However, there has been a gradual shift towards embracing mediation as a more flexible and collaborative alternative. Mediation allows disputing parties to engage in open dialogue, facilitated by a neutral mediator, to reach a mutually acceptable solution. This approach not only encourages cooperation but also fosters long-lasting relationships among stakeholders.

The Interconnection:

Despite the apparent dissimilarity of these two issues, a deeper analysis reveals a crucial interconnection. The burning of fossil fuels, which leads to soaring carbon emissions, not only contributes to climate change but also intensifies the frequency and intensity of conflicts. Scarce resources, such as water and land, become the focal points of disputes, as communities and nations vie for their control. This, in turn, amplifies the need for efficient and effective dispute resolution mechanisms to address these conflicts promptly and fairly.

Actionable Advice:

1. Embrace Sustainable Practices:

To combat climate change, we must reduce our reliance on fossil fuels and embrace sustainable practices. Governments, industries, and individuals alike should invest in renewable energy sources, promote energy efficiency, and adopt environmentally friendly policies. By doing so, we can mitigate the harmful effects of carbon emissions and protect our planet for future generations.

2. Promote Mediation as a Preferred Method:

In Nigeria and beyond, there is a growing need to promote mediation as a preferred method for dispute resolution. Governments, legal institutions, and educational bodies should invest in training and awareness programs to familiarize stakeholders with the benefits of mediation. By encouraging a culture of collaboration and dialogue, we can foster peaceful resolutions and alleviate the burden on already burdened judicial systems.

3. Strengthen International Cooperation:

Climate change and conflict resolution are global challenges that require international cooperation. Governments, organizations, and individuals must join forces to share knowledge, resources, and best practices. By pooling our collective wisdom, we can develop innovative solutions to address both the causes and consequences of climate change, while also enhancing dispute resolution mechanisms across borders.


As we confront the escalating threats of climate change and strive for more effective dispute resolution methods, it becomes apparent that these seemingly disparate issues are intricately linked. The urgency to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate the effects of climate change cannot be overstated, while simultaneously embracing mediation as a preferred method for resolving conflicts holds immense potential for fostering peace and sustainable development. By taking actionable steps towards sustainable practices, promoting mediation, and strengthening international cooperation, we can forge a path towards a more harmonious and resilient future for all.


  1. "Bloomberg on Twitter", (Glasp)
  2. "An interview with Udo Udoma & Belo-Osagie discussing dispute resolution in Nigeria", (Glasp)

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