The Growing Trend of De-Dollarization: How India and UAE Are Pioneering Trade in Local Currencies

Feranmi Olaseinde

Feranmi Olaseinde

Sep 15, 20234 min read


The Growing Trend of De-Dollarization: How India and UAE Are Pioneering Trade in Local Currencies


In recent years, countries around the world have been exploring ways to reduce their dependence on the US dollar in global trade. India, the world's third-largest oil importer and consumer, has taken a significant step towards de-dollarization by signing agreements with the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to settle trade in their local currencies. This move not only aims to cut transaction costs but also eliminates the need for dollar conversions. Moreover, this trend is not limited to India and the UAE alone, as powerful nations like China and Russia are also seeking to challenge the dominance of the US dollar due to aggressive US sanctions and foreign policy plays.

The De-Dollarization Trend:

The de-dollarization trend is gaining momentum globally, with various nations exploring alternatives to the US dollar as the primary currency for international trade. This shift is driven by the desire to reduce exposure to the US financial system and avoid the potential repercussions of US sanctions. By using local currencies for trade settlements, countries can bypass the need for dollar conversions, which often come with additional costs and risks.

India and UAE's Groundbreaking Agreements:

India and the UAE have taken a significant leap forward in the de-dollarization movement by signing two crucial agreements. Firstly, they have agreed to settle trade in their local currencies, namely the Indian Rupee and the UAE Dirham. This move not only strengthens their economic ties but also reduces their reliance on the US dollar. By eliminating the need for dollar conversions, both countries can streamline trade processes, reduce costs, and enhance economic efficiency.

Secondly, India and the UAE have set up a real-time payment link to simplify cross-border money transfers. This initiative further enhances the ease of conducting transactions between the two nations, making trade more seamless and efficient. By leveraging technological advancements, India and the UAE are pioneering a new era of cross-border payment systems that can serve as a model for other nations looking to de-dollarize their trade.

Implications and Insights:

The decision of India and the UAE to shift towards local currency settlements holds several implications for the global economic landscape. Firstly, it challenges the long-standing dominance of the US dollar in international trade. As more countries adopt similar measures, the influence of the US financial system may decline, potentially reshaping the balance of power in the global economy.

Secondly, de-dollarization can foster stronger economic ties between nations. By reducing transaction costs and simplifying cross-border payments, countries can enhance trade relationships and explore new avenues for collaboration. This shift towards local currency settlements can pave the way for increased regional economic integration and promote economic stability.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Diversify Currency Holdings: As the de-dollarization trend continues to gain traction, it is advisable for countries and individuals to diversify their currency holdings. Relying too heavily on a single currency can expose one to risks associated with fluctuating exchange rates and geopolitical developments. By diversifying currency holdings, one can mitigate these risks and ensure a more balanced and resilient financial position.
  • 2. Strengthen Regional Cooperation: De-dollarization is not an isolated effort but requires collaboration among nations. Countries should actively seek opportunities to strengthen regional cooperation and promote the use of local currencies in cross-border transactions. By working together, nations can collectively reduce their dependence on the US dollar and enhance economic integration within their respective regions.
  • 3. Embrace Technological Advancements: The success of India and the UAE in setting up a real-time payment link highlights the importance of embracing technological advancements in facilitating de-dollarization. Countries should invest in developing robust and secure digital payment infrastructure to enable seamless cross-border transactions in local currencies. Embracing fintech solutions can revolutionize global trade and accelerate the de-dollarization process.


The de-dollarization trend, exemplified by India and the UAE's pioneering efforts, signals a shift in the global economic landscape. By settling trade in local currencies and leveraging real-time payment systems, countries can reduce their reliance on the US dollar and enhance economic efficiency. While challenges remain, such as the need for broader international acceptance of local currencies, the trend towards de-dollarization opens new avenues for economic collaboration and regional integration. By diversifying currency holdings, strengthening regional cooperation, and embracing technological advancements, nations can navigate the changing dynamics of global trade and shape the future of the international financial system.


  1. "Dollar Dumped? India Bought 1m Barrels Of Oil From UAE Using Rupees Instead Of $ - Foreign Affairs - Nigeria", (Glasp)
  2. "reddit", (Glasp)

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