The Impact of Refinery Operations and Exchange Rates on Nigeria's Economy

Feranmi Olaseinde

Feranmi Olaseinde

Sep 18, 20233 min read


The Impact of Refinery Operations and Exchange Rates on Nigeria's Economy


The recent announcements regarding the Port Harcourt Refinery and the widening gap between official and black market exchange rates have raised concerns among analysts and the Nigerian public. This article aims to explore the potential implications of these developments on the country's economy and provide actionable advice for individuals and policymakers.

1. Refinery Operations and Economic Stability:

The news of the Port Harcourt Refinery's planned commencement of operations in December has generated mixed reactions. Some argue that the refinery should have been revived earlier, as its delay has cost the country trillions of naira and contributed to inflation. The slow progress of the refinery's work has further raised doubts about its effectiveness in reducing the prices of commodities. On the other hand, others believe that if the Dangote Refinery resumes production before the Port Harcourt Refinery, it may have a monopoly on pricing, resulting in higher costs for consumers. These differing opinions highlight the need for a comprehensive and coordinated approach to ensure that refinery operations benefit the Nigerian economy as a whole.

2. The Growing Gap between Official and Black Market Exchange Rates:

The recent market notice issued by FMDQ Exchange regarding the calculation of exchange rates using actual transaction data instead of indicative quotes has sparked concerns among analysts. The Nigerian Autonomous Foreign Exchange Rate Fixing (NAFEX) and the Investors' and Exporters' (I&E) FX Window Spot Rates will now be determined by real deals, highlighting a shift towards transparency and accuracy in rate calculations. This move is significant as it addresses the previous practice of relying on quotes submitted by traders, which may not reflect the true market conditions. However, the widening gap between official and black market rates remains a cause for worry.

Connecting the Dots:

While seemingly unrelated, the developments in refinery operations and exchange rates in Nigeria are interconnected and can have a significant impact on the country's economy. The delay in refinery operations has contributed to inflation and rising commodity prices. If not managed effectively, this could offset any potential benefits from the Port Harcourt Refinery's production. Additionally, the growing gap between official and black market exchange rates raises concerns about currency stability and the overall economic health of the nation.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Prioritize Refinery Revival: It is crucial for policymakers to expedite the revival of the Port Harcourt Refinery and ensure its smooth operations. This should be done in tandem with other ongoing refinery projects to maximize the potential benefits for the economy and reduce reliance on imported petroleum products.
  • 2. Enhance Exchange Rate Management: The authorities should continue to promote transparency in exchange rate calculations and work towards reducing the gap between official and black market rates. This can be achieved through measures such as increased monitoring and enforcement, stricter regulations, and improved access to foreign exchange for businesses and individuals.
  • 3. Focus on Economic Diversification: Nigeria should prioritize efforts to diversify its economy beyond oil. This includes investing in sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and technology. By reducing dependence on oil revenues, the country can build a more resilient and sustainable economy that is less susceptible to fluctuations in global oil prices and exchange rates.


The developments surrounding refinery operations and exchange rates in Nigeria have far-reaching implications for the country's economy. It is essential for policymakers to address these issues proactively and implement measures that prioritize economic stability, transparency, and diversification. By reviving the Port Harcourt Refinery, managing exchange rates effectively, and focusing on economic diversification, Nigeria can pave the way for sustainable growth and improved living standards for its citizens.


  1. "Port Harcourt Refinery To Commence Operations December — Tinubu - Politics - Nigeria", (Glasp)
  2. "Analysts worry as the gap between official and black market rates grows", (Glasp)

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