The Impact of Tax Burden and Currency Fluctuations on Nigeria's Economy

Feranmi Olaseinde

Feranmi Olaseinde

Aug 04, 20233 min read


The Impact of Tax Burden and Currency Fluctuations on Nigeria's Economy


Nigeria's economy has been facing several challenges in recent years, including an increased tax burden and a growing gap between official and black market exchange rates. These issues have raised concerns among analysts and experts, as they have the potential to significantly impact the country's economic stability and growth. In this article, we will explore the repercussions of these factors and discuss potential solutions to mitigate their negative effects.

The Impact of Increased Tax Burden:

The International Centre has warned the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) against implementing measures that would further burden taxpayers. One such measure is the potential increase in Value-Added Tax (VAT), which could have detrimental consequences for both businesses and employees. According to the Centre's spokesperson, increasing VAT would lead to job cuts, exacerbating the already high rate of unemployment in the country. It is crucial for policymakers to consider alternative solutions that promote economic growth without placing an additional burden on taxpayers.

Connecting Tax Information and VAT Services:

The spokesperson from the International Centre also highlights the incongruity of taking VAT services to the market. VAT services, as intermediaries between manufacturers and distributors, do not align with the essence of the VAT system. This observation underscores the importance of a comprehensive understanding of the tax system and its implications. By recognizing the interdependencies between various sectors and stakeholders, policymakers can design more effective tax policies that promote economic growth and stability.

The Growing Gap between Official and Black Market Exchange Rates:

Another significant concern for Nigeria's economy is the widening gap between the official and black market exchange rates. Previously, rates were determined by quotes submitted by traders, which may not have accurately reflected the true market conditions. However, a recent market notice issued by the FMDQ Exchange indicates that rates will now be calculated using actual FX market transaction data. This shift towards more transparent and accurate rate determination is a positive step towards reducing the volatility in the foreign exchange market.

Mitigating the Negative Effects:

To address the challenges posed by the increased tax burden and currency fluctuations, policymakers and stakeholders must take proactive measures. Here are three actionable pieces of advice to consider:

  • 1. Diversify the economy: Relying heavily on oil revenue has made Nigeria susceptible to fluctuations in global crude oil prices. By promoting sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and services, the country can reduce its dependence on oil and create a more resilient economy.
  • 2. Enhance tax administration: Instead of burdening taxpayers with increased taxes, the focus should be on improving tax administration and compliance. This can be achieved through simplifying tax processes, implementing effective monitoring systems, and providing incentives for voluntary tax compliance.
  • 3. Strengthen monetary policies: To bridge the gap between official and black market exchange rates, it is vital to implement monetary policies that promote stability and discourage speculative activities. Central banks should also work towards building foreign reserves to ensure an adequate supply of foreign exchange and reduce the pressure on the local currency.


Nigeria's economy faces significant challenges with the increasing tax burden and growing gap between official and black market exchange rates. To ensure sustainable economic growth and stability, policymakers must adopt a holistic approach that considers the interconnectedness of various sectors and stakeholders. By diversifying the economy, enhancing tax administration, and strengthening monetary policies, Nigeria can overcome these challenges and pave the way for a prosperous future.

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