Connecting the Dots: Enhancing Learning Objectives and Internship Programs

Cuong Duy Nguyen

Cuong Duy Nguyen

Sep 16, 20233 min read


Connecting the Dots: Enhancing Learning Objectives and Internship Programs


In the world of education and professional development, it is essential to establish clear learning objectives and create effective internship programs. By utilizing Bloom's taxonomy, instructional designers can classify learning objectives and outcomes, while organizations can set up internship programs that provide valuable experiences for interns. Let's explore how these two areas intersect and discover actionable advice to enhance both processes.

Enhancing Learning Objectives with Bloom's Taxonomy:

Bloom's taxonomy provides a framework for classifying learning objectives based on different cognitive levels. Instructional designers can utilize this taxonomy to create meaningful learning outcomes that align with desired educational goals. One effective approach is to work backwards, starting with the desired outcomes and then designing instructional activities and assessments to achieve them. This approach, known as Backwards Design Benchmark, ensures that the learning objectives are well-defined and measurable.

A key step in this process is to co-design the learning outcomes with students. By involving students in the decision-making process, instructional designers gain valuable insights into what students find desirable and relevant. One effective method for this co-design process is the roundtable discussion, where students and instructional designers collaborate to refine the learning objectives. This collaborative approach not only enhances the quality of the learning objectives but also fosters a sense of ownership and engagement among students.

To further enhance the clarity of learning objectives, it is crucial to incorporate specific conditions or criteria that specify the context or standard of performance expected from students. By choosing a verb from the corresponding domain of Bloom's taxonomy (evaluate, create, analyze, apply, understand, and know), instructional designers can provide explicit guidance to students regarding the level of cognitive engagement required for each objective. This helps students understand the depth of knowledge and skills they need to acquire to successfully achieve the learning outcomes.

Setting Up an Internship Program:

Internship programs play a vital role in bridging the gap between academic learning and real-world experiences. To ensure the success of an internship program, it is crucial to establish a well-structured onboarding process. On the first day of the internship, both the intern and the supervisor should sign and date the internship plan, which outlines the expectations and responsibilities of both parties.

The internship plan should include essential elements such as the intern's role and responsibilities, the duration of the internship, the learning objectives, and the evaluation criteria. By clearly defining these aspects, interns have a clear understanding of what is expected from them and can align their efforts accordingly. Additionally, supervisors can use the internship plan as a guiding document to provide ongoing feedback and support to the interns throughout their internship journey.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Foster Collaboration: Encourage collaboration between instructional designers and students during the co-design process of learning objectives. This collaboration enhances the relevance and effectiveness of the objectives, leading to a more engaging learning experience.
  • 2. Incorporate Clear Evaluation Criteria: When setting learning objectives, ensure that specific evaluation criteria are included. This provides students with a clear understanding of the expected performance standards and allows for effective assessment of their progress.
  • 3. Provide Ongoing Support: In internship programs, supervisors should offer continuous support and feedback to interns. Regular check-ins and constructive feedback help interns navigate challenges and maximize their learning experience.


By leveraging Bloom's taxonomy to classify learning objectives and outcomes, instructional designers can create meaningful and measurable educational experiences. Similarly, organizations can establish internship programs that provide valuable real-world experiences for interns by setting clear expectations and fostering ongoing support. By incorporating collaboration, clear evaluation criteria, and continuous support, both learning objectives and internship programs can be enhanced, ultimately benefiting students and organizations alike.

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