Understanding the Impact of Climate-related Disclosures on Financial Reporting

Alfred Tang

Alfred Tang

Oct 13, 20234 min read


Understanding the Impact of Climate-related Disclosures on Financial Reporting


The implementation of climate-related disclosures has become a crucial aspect of financial reporting in recent years. As organizations strive to address the environmental challenges posed by climate change, it is essential for them to disclose their greenhouse gas emissions and assess the associated risks and opportunities. In this article, we will explore the requirements outlined in the ISSB-2023-A IFRS Standards and the recommendations proposed in the consultation paper by SRAC. By connecting these two sources, we will gain a comprehensive understanding of the importance of climate-related disclosures in financial reporting.

IFRS S2 Climate-related Disclosures:

The ISSB-2023-A IFRS Standards, specifically the IFRS S2 Climate-related Disclosures, emphasize the need for organizations to disclose their absolute gross greenhouse gas emissions. These emissions are categorized according to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol, which provides industry-based metrics for measuring CO2 equivalents. Furthermore, the standards require organizations to assess climate-related risks and opportunities throughout their value chain, considering significant events or changes in circumstances. This assessment should include data representing the entity's activities that result in greenhouse gas emissions. It is important to note that this data encompasses not only the parent company but also its consolidated subsidiaries, investees, disaggregated associates, joint ventures, and unconsolidated subsidiaries.

Consultation Paper Recommendations by SRAC:

The consultation paper by SRAC provides recommendations for the implementation of climate-related disclosures in the financial sector. One notable recommendation is the need to separately account for the financial sector in the implementation timeline. This highlights the unique challenges and opportunities faced by this sector in relation to climate change. Additionally, the paper suggests two distinct categories for reporting: (1) consolidated accounting group and (2) associates, joint ventures, unconsolidated subsidiaries, or affiliates not included in the first category. This differentiation allows for a comprehensive assessment of climate-related risks and opportunities across various entities within an organization.

Connecting the Common Points:

Both the IFRS S2 Climate-related Disclosures and the recommendations by SRAC emphasize the significance of disclosing greenhouse gas emissions and assessing climate-related risks and opportunities. The IFRS Standards provide a framework for organizations to capture and report their emissions accurately, while the SRAC recommendations offer guidance on implementation and reporting timelines. By combining these two sources, organizations can achieve a more holistic approach to climate-related disclosures in financial reporting.

Unique Insights:

While the sources provide valuable guidance on climate-related disclosures, it is crucial to consider unique insights that can further enhance these practices. Organizations should go beyond mere compliance and embrace climate-related disclosures as a strategic opportunity. By integrating sustainability goals into their overall business strategies, organizations can create long-term value while addressing environmental challenges. Additionally, leveraging technology and data analytics can improve the accuracy and efficiency of reporting greenhouse gas emissions and identifying climate-related risks and opportunities. These unique insights help organizations approach climate-related disclosures as a means of driving sustainable growth rather than a mere regulatory requirement.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Embrace a proactive approach: Instead of treating climate-related disclosures as a mere compliance exercise, organizations should proactively integrate sustainability goals into their overall business strategies. This will enable them to identify opportunities for growth and innovation while addressing environmental challenges.
  • 2. Leverage technology and data analytics: Relying on technology and data analytics can significantly enhance the accuracy and efficiency of reporting greenhouse gas emissions. Investing in robust systems and tools can streamline data collection, analysis, and reporting processes, ultimately improving the quality of climate-related disclosures.
  • 3. Engage stakeholders and communicate transparently: Effective stakeholder engagement and transparent communication are essential for successful climate-related disclosures. By actively involving stakeholders in the process and communicating transparently about the organization's efforts and progress, trust and credibility can be established.

In conclusion, climate-related disclosures are an integral part of financial reporting in the face of climate change. The ISSB-2023-A IFRS Standards and the consultation paper by SRAC provide valuable guidance for organizations to disclose their greenhouse gas emissions accurately and assess associated risks and opportunities. By combining these sources and incorporating unique insights, organizations can not only comply with regulations but also drive sustainable growth and create long-term value. Embracing a proactive approach, leveraging technology, and engaging stakeholders will further enhance the effectiveness of climate-related disclosures.

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