Exploring Jetpack Compose and CameraX in Android Development


Hatched by naoya

Jun 17, 2024

3 min read


Exploring Jetpack Compose and CameraX in Android Development


In the world of Android development, Jetpack Compose and CameraX are two powerful tools that offer developers new ways to create intuitive user interfaces and integrate camera functionalities. This article will explore the basics of Jetpack Compose and CameraX, highlighting their common points and providing actionable advice for developers.

Jetpack Compose:

Jetpack Compose is a declarative UI toolkit for building Android apps. One important concept in Compose is state hoisting, where the state that is read or modified by multiple functions should be placed in a common ancestor. This process ensures that UI elements are not hidden, but rather not added to the UI tree generated by Compose. By hoisting the state to a common ancestor that needs access to the state, callbacks can be passed as arguments to other functions and executed when events occur. This improves the efficiency of UI rendering and handling of state changes.

LazyColumn is a useful component in Jetpack Compose for efficiently rendering large lists. It only renders the items that are currently visible on the screen, resulting in improved performance when displaying long lists. Additionally, the remember function in Compose allows for the preservation of state within a composable while it is being displayed. This can be useful for maintaining the state of a UI element even when it is recomposed.

Animate*AsState is another valuable feature in Jetpack Compose that allows for the creation of interruptible animations. If the target value of an animation changes during its execution, animate*AsState will re-execute the animation and point to the new value. This flexibility enables developers to create dynamic and interactive UI experiences.

MaterialTheme is a Compose function that reflects the principles of the Material Design specification. It provides access to three properties: colorScheme, typography, and shapes. These properties allow developers to obtain predefined styles for colors, shapes, and font styles within the MaterialTheme. However, if there is a need to use a slightly different color or font style than the selected one, the copy function can be used to modify the predefined styles.


CameraX is an API introduced by Google for simplifying camera development on Android devices. By adding the android.hardware.camera.any permission, developers can identify devices that have cameras. The use of ".any" allows for the specification of both front and back cameras. On the other hand, using android.hardware.camera without ".any" will not work on devices without a back camera, such as some Chromebooks. The addition of this permission grants access to the camera.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. When using Jetpack Compose, make use of state hoisting to efficiently manage the state of UI elements. By moving the state to a common ancestor, you can improve performance and simplify the handling of state changes.
  • 2. Utilize LazyColumn when displaying large lists in Jetpack Compose. This component only renders the visible items, resulting in improved performance and reduced memory usage.
  • 3. Experiment with animate*AsState to create dynamic and interruptible animations in Jetpack Compose. This feature allows for seamless transitions and interactive user experiences.


Jetpack Compose and CameraX are powerful tools that can greatly enhance the development of Android apps. By understanding the basics of Jetpack Compose and CameraX, developers can create intuitive UIs and seamlessly integrate camera functionalities into their applications. Remember to apply the actionable advice provided in this article to optimize your development process and deliver exceptional user experiences.

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