The Mirage of Technical Solutions in Transformation: Insights from GPT-4 and OpenAI

Ulrich Fischer

Ulrich Fischer

Sep 14, 20234 min read


The Mirage of Technical Solutions in Transformation: Insights from GPT-4 and OpenAI


In recent news, the release of GPT-4, the latest and most powerful AI language model developed by OpenAI, has sparked both excitement and controversy. OpenAI, originally founded with the intention to advance humanity through research rather than generating profits, seems to be shifting its focus. Microsoft was given the privilege to incorporate GPT-4 into Bing before its public launch, raising concerns about the company's commitment to its original ideals. In the face of criticism, Ilya Sutskever, the Chief Scientist at OpenAI, defends the decisions made, emphasizing the complexity of ensuring safety and the competitiveness of the market. However, this situation raises broader questions about the nature of technological advancements and the need for a more holistic approach to transformation.

The Temptation of Technical Solutions:

One of the reasons why many transformation projects fail or yield disappointing results is our inclination to seek technical solutions to complex problems. Philippe Silberzahn, in his article on transformation, highlights this common mistake. When faced with a difficult question, we often fall into the trap of searching for a purely technical fix. However, Silberzahn argues that transformation is not about solving a problem but rather about evolving a social system. It is crucial to recognize that the transformation of any collective, whether it be a political entity or an organization, requires a political approach rather than a purely technical one.

The Political Nature of Transformation:

Silberzahn emphasizes that the transformation of a collective is inherently political. It involves acknowledging that the system consists of individuals with divergent interests, and these interests are often legitimate. To bring about meaningful change, it becomes necessary to evolve the beliefs and mental models of those who make up the system. Whether in politics or organizations, it is time to recognize that transforming a collective is an adaptive process. There is no one-size-fits-all solution, and it cannot be achieved without understanding and accepting the fundamental nature of a system composed of differing interests.

Lessons from GPT-4 and OpenAI:

The case of GPT-4 and OpenAI provides valuable insights into the challenges of technological advancements and the need for a more comprehensive approach to transformation. OpenAI's initial commitment to open-source AI research was seen as a noble endeavor. However, with the increasing competitiveness of the market and the complexities of ensuring safety, Sutskever admits that the decision to go open-source was a mistake. This admission highlights the importance of carefully considering the implications of open-sourcing AI technologies.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Embrace a Holistic Approach: When embarking on a transformation journey, it is crucial to recognize that it is not solely a technical problem to solve. Instead, it requires a comprehensive understanding of the social system and the diverse interests at play. By adopting a political mindset, leaders can navigate the complexities of transformation more effectively.
  • 2. Foster Collaboration and Evolution: Transformation cannot be imposed from the top down. Instead, it requires a collective effort to evolve beliefs and mental models. Creating an environment that encourages collaboration, learning, and adaptation is essential for successful transformation. Engaging stakeholders and empowering them to contribute to the process will lead to better outcomes.
  • 3. Balance Openness and Security: The case of OpenAI and GPT-4 highlights the tension between the desire for open-source innovation and the need for security and control. When dealing with transformative technologies, it is crucial to strike a balance. Openness fosters innovation and collaboration, but precautions must be taken to ensure safety and prevent misuse. Finding the right balance between openness and security is a challenge that should be addressed proactively.


The release of GPT-4 and the insights from OpenAI's journey highlight the limitations of relying solely on technical solutions in transformation efforts. Silberzahn's argument that transformation is inherently political resonates in both the AI domain and broader contexts. To achieve meaningful change, a more holistic approach is required, one that acknowledges the complexities of social systems and embraces adaptability. By embracing this perspective and following the actionable advice provided, leaders can navigate the challenges of transformation with greater success.


  1. "GPT-4 : la nouvelle IA surpuissante de ChatGPT déjà disponible ! Tout savoir -", (Glasp)
  2. "Transformation: le mirage de la solution technique - Philippe Silberzahn", (Glasp)

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